AMY’S Drive-Thru Restaurant
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AMY’S Drive-Thru Restaurant. Photo Courtesy of AMY'S Drive - Thru Restaurant.Project Name: AMY’S Drive-Thru Restaurant
Year: 2015
Owner: AMY’S Kitchen, Inc.
Location: Rohnert Park, CA, USA
Building Type: Commercial
Type: Extensive
System: Custom
Size: 2650 sq.ft.
Slope: 23%
Access: Inaccessible, Open to Public
Submitted by: SymbiosDesign.com

Designers/Manufacturers of Record:
General Contractor: Stevens-Hemingway-Stevens Inc.
Living Roof Designer: SYMBIOS ecotecture
Living Roof Installation: SYMBIOS ecotecture
Plant Propagation: Emerisa Wholesale Nursery, Shooting Star Wholesale Nursery
Roofing Manufacturer: Cold liquid applied waterproofing, Kemper System
Growing Medium: SYMBIOS custom soil mix, 6” inch depth
Green Roof Systems: Planted-in-place w/built-up assembly, Conservation Technology, Envirogrid, Permaloc Corp
Architect of Record: Trachtenberg Architects
AMY’S Drive-Thru Restaurant. Photo courtesy of SYMBIOS.AMY’S Drive-Thru Restaurant. Photo courtesy of SYMBIOS.AMY’S Drive-Thru Restaurant. Photo courtesy of SYMBIOS.
After their daughter Amy was born, Amy's Kitchen founders Andy and Rachel Berliner started their healthy, successful line of vegetarian frozen dinners in 1987 for parents on the go throughout the U.S. and UK. The vegetarian food company famed for its all-natural convenience food and sustainable commitment, recently opened AMY’S Drive-­Thru Restaurant in June, 2015 and it doesn’t take long to notice that the fast-food enterprise has reinvented itself.

According to their website, "Amy's Drive Thru is returning to the roots of American fast food, serving lovingly handcrafted food to nourish hard-working citizens, busy families and road-weary travelers." The food served is all vegetarian, organic and non-­GMO while the building literally sprouts a vegetative ‘living’ roof, which speaks to the values of the company. Instead of broadcasting symbols of golden arches, a mosaic of plants cover the roof projecting a strong presence and visual appeal, a water storage tower holds rainwater, and a solar array provides electrons for energy.

Designed to be all-around eco-friendly, AMY’S Drive­-Thru Restaurant is light, bright and family friendly. The building is constructed from a reclaimed barn, the tables are from retired auto brake drums whose wood was culled from off-cuts or upcycled from discarded pieces, and the small amount of new wood is Forest Stewardship certified. Tableware is all recyclable using non-GMO materials; for example, the takeout bags and boxes are printed with non-GMO ink. Even the straws are recycled.

"...every meal is hand made, which means the restaurant’s kitchen is bigger than most fast-food chains. The vegetarian burgers, for example, will be grilled on site and the buns toasted to order. And for all that manual labor, menu prices at Amy’s Drive-Thru are on par with more popular carnivorous food chains. Burgers will cost $2.99 (doubles will be $4.29), while cheese pizzas will go for $5.89, burritos for $4.69 and salads from $3.99 to $7.99," (
Time, 2015).
The soil stabilization system is in place on AMY’S Drive-Thru Restaurant. Photo courtesy of SYMBIOS.AMY’S Drive-Thru Restaurant. Photo courtesy of SYMBIOS.
SYMBIOS ecotecture designed and installed the integrated living roof to enhance the building’s energy performance, effectively managing stormwater as well as offsetting the development’s impact by providing habitat for wildlife. The 5:12 slope of the gable roof (23%) allows for good views of the garden roof from the street, the parking lot, or almost anywhere on the grounds. The high slope condition required a soil-confinement system that is structurally supported and tension-balanced over the roof’s ridge top.

The 13 species of selected perennial plants are pollinator friendly, drought-tolerant, and possess a seasonal vibrant flower display ranging in height from 6" to 18" tall. Within hours of planting, honeybees were spotted on the new vegetated roof. The two sides of the ridge's steep slopes created a connected ecosystem for the plants which models the ecology on the ground.

SYMBIOS also developed a specialized rooftop soil blend containing Bio-char in order to sequester carbon from the atmosphere. The vegetation and microbes in the rooftop soil add to the air purifying aspect while consuming carbon dioxide and producing oxygen. Rainwater is harvested on-site and stored in the water tower to be used for irrigation and during the summer dry season, municipal recycled water is used. In this way, no potable water is utilized to support the ground-base or rooftop landscapes.

AMY’S Kitchen's commitment to sustainable development extends beyond the building’s footprint. The site houses a 15Kw solar array canopy that the cars drive under on their way to pick-up their meals. Walk-in guests with electric cars can use the charging stations in the parking lot while they dine. Stormwater generated from the parking lot is directed into bioswales and on-site stormwater detection areas in order to clean and sink water into the ground. The ground landscape also ventures from the status quo and is planted with a diverse mix of drought tolerate Mediterranean perennials and California natives.

Thinking ahead to replicate more of these unconventional drive-thrus, AMY’S Drive­-Thru hopes to incorporate the water tank and living roof on future restaurants. Put all this together and you come close to having a ‘living building’ prototype that serves-up healthy organic food for the modern ‘time-crunched’ world.

Additional thumbnail photos:

AMY’S Drive-Thru Restaurant on 9/7/15. Photo courtesy of SYMBIOS.AMY’S Drive-Thru Restaurant. A close-up view of the rooftop plantings on 8/17/15 shows some are flowering already. The   living roof is expected to spread out and cover the entire area over the next 12 - 18 months. Photo courtesy of SYMBIOS.AMY’S Drive-Thru Restaurant on 9/5/15. Photo courtesy of SYMBIOS.Close-up of the living roof and water water; Photo Courtesy of  AMY’S Drive-Thru Restaurant.AMY’S Drive-Thru Restaurant  on 9/5/15. Photo courtesy of SYMBIOS.
AMY’S Drive-Thru Restaurant is located at 58 Golf Course Drive West, Rohnert Park, CA 94928; 707.755.3629; visit their website. Watch the 2:25 AMY'S Drive-Thru Restaurant - Project of the Week 10/26/15 video from Greenroofs.com on the greenroofsTV channel on YouTube. Greenroofs.com Project of the Week video photo credits: All courtesy of SYMBIOS ecotecture and AMY’S Drive-Thru Restaurant. See the project profile from Trachtenburg Architects. Read the June 18, 2015 Amy's Kitchen Is Opening An All Vegetarian Drive-Thru by Kate Bratskeir in The Huffington Post; June 13, 2015 Green Roof Tops New Amy's Drive-Thru by Bruce Robinson in KRCB Radio where you can hear a broadcast including commentary from Kerrie Lee Cole and Kevin Falkerson of Symbios; and the June 2, 2015 Amy’s Kitchen Is Starting a Vegetarian Drive-Thru by Alice Park in Time. SYMBIOS is a California based company specializing in building integrated vegetation (living roofs and walls) and ecological building design. For information about this project, contact Kevin Falkerson (principal, GRP) or Kerrie Lee Cole (GRP) at: 707.824.0314; symbios@symbiosdesign.com; or visit www.SymbiosDesign.com.

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