|An ambitious and highly acclaimed urban reclamation project, the High Line is noted for its innovative design, sustainability, and adaptive reuse of the Art Deco masterpiece with its layers of steel beams, rivets, and guardrails into a beloved public park. Located in the Chelsea neighborhood of Manhattan, the length of the High Line traverses 23 uninterrupted city blocks, 30 feet in the air, with expansive views of New York City and the Hudson River. At a total of 2.4 km, 1.45 miles, or 7,874.02 linear feet, the High Line is considered the "longest greenroof" in the world to date (as of 2015) with an approximate total area of 300,313 square feet or 2.79 ha. Since the width of the High Line varies from about 33 feet to 66 feet, or 10 meters to 20 meters (ZinCo, 2015), the area for each phase is estimated.|
Designed by the landscape architecture firm of James Corner Field Operations (whose mantra throughout the design process was 'Keep it Simple, Keep it Wild, Keep it Slow, and Keep it Quiet) and architects Diller Scofidio + Renfro with planting design from Piet Oudolf and engineering design by Buro Happold. The High Line was created in three phases over a period of eight years with each section measuring about .5 miles: Construction started in 2006 and Phase 1 covering 9 blocks opened in 2009; Phase 2 covering 10 blocks opened in 2011; and Phase 3 started in 2012 and was opened to the public in 2014. Although the High Line is one continuous project, the profiles here are presented as a series of three since they were constructed over different time periods with distinct features. See the profiles for Phase 1 and Phase 2 in The Greenroof & Greenwall Projects Database.
Located in New York City's Meatpacking District, the High Line was an elevated railway originally constructed in the 1930s to lift dangerous freight trains off Manhattan's expanding streets; abandoned in 1980, it was left to naturalize and fell into disuse. The non-profit group "Friends of the High Line" was founded by Joshua David and Robert Hammond in 1999 to advocate for its preservation and reuse as a public park. In 2002, Friends of the High Line finally won a lawsuit challenging the City's plans for demolishing the remaining tracks. In 2003 a design competition was launched to solicit proposals for reusing the High Line.
Today the High Line is an elevated public park owned by the City of New York and operated under the jurisdiction of the New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. The first section starting at Gansevoort Street opened to the public in June, 2009. The second phase from 20th Street to 30th Street opened in June, 2011.
Distinct features found in the High Line, Phase 3 are the Pershing Square Beams; Interim Walkway; and the CSX Transportation Gate. See a map and these Park features in detail at Friends of the High Line.
Also known as The High Line at the Rail Yards, Phase 3 is the final section of the High Line. Continuing toward the Hudson River from the northernmost section of Phase 2, the third phase of the High Line opened September 21, 2014, extending the previous terminus above West 30th Street around the far west side of the Hudson Yards to West 34th Street across from the Jacob Javits Convention Center. The emphasis of Phase 3 evokes the feel of the original overgrown elevated railroad trestle, offering amazing views of the Hudson River and immersing the visitor's experience firmly within the immediate sights and sounds of ever-evolving Manhattan.
"The opening of the High Line at the Rail Yards completes the northernmost phase of the park, connecting Gansevoort Street to 34th Street. Unlike the High Line to the south, this section features a simple path through the existing self-seeded plantings. The design celebrates the iconic urban landscape that emerged after the trains stopped running and highlights the expansive views of the Hudson River to the west and the City to the east" ~ Interim Walkway sign.
|"Just as with earlier sections of the High Line, the views walking in one direction are quite different from those experienced walking in the other direction. It's a striking experience to walk northward near the end of the second phase and then turn sharply left (westward) as one approaches the beginning of the third phase with views abounding of the Hudson Yards under construction and the vast rail yards in the distance. I don't think New Yorkers have ever seen previously such a striking view of the infrastructure of their own city.|
"Normally, infrastructure is hidden underground or associated with tunnels, sewers and rats. By emphasizing the walking surface of the High Line one story up with the views down towards train after train after train, the designers have made the infrastructure highly visible," Cantor, 2015).
ZinCo USA provided the technical basis for all the green roof design concepts in terms of plants, walkways, and leisure areas. Floradrain(R) drainage elements were installed on the sealed concrete surface. These profiled elements have troughs on the upper side for retaining precipitation. Excess water is safely drawn off through the channel system on the underside. The Floradrain(R) elements were installed across the entire area, filled with the ZinCoblend M growing medium, and then covered with a filter sheet, followed by the vegetation layer. The existing water and electricity supply lines were integrated into the build-up.
The High Line has won many awards including the 2013 Honor Award for General Design for The High Line, Section 2 from the American Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA); 2011 Awards of Excellence from Green Roofs for Healthy Cities in the Intensive Institutional category; other awards on the long list include the 2010 International EGHN Award from the European Garden Heritage Network and the 2010 Honor Award for General Design for The High Line, Section 1 from the ASLA. Also in 2010, Friends of the High Line received the International Green Roof Association Green Roof Leadership Award 2010, presented to Dr. John H. Alschuler, Jr., and Robert Hammond and Joshua David, founders of Friends of the High Line, were awarded the "Jane Jacobs Medal" by the Rockefeller Foundation; the organization itself was given the "Doris C. Freedman Award." Friends of the High Line now raises 98% of the High Line's annual budget.
A small portion of the High Line remains that is still under design - The Spur - which extends over the 30th Street and 10th Avenue intersection. The new design concept for the High Line at the Rail Yards includes an immersive bowl-shaped structure. Read more about it at Part 9: Proposed Phase Three Discussion of Steven L. Cantor's 14-part series "A Comparison of the Three Phases of the High Line, New York City: A Landscape Architect and Photographer's Perspective."
According to NYCEDC, the total estimated cost of all three phases is about $187.3 million. One of the most expensive parks ever constructed, the High Line is also one of Manhattan's most popular destinations and receives 5 million visitors per year. From an overgrown abandoned railroad trestle to a delightful changing panorama of self-seeded landscape and re-introduced indigenous vegetation, original and restored rails, and contemporary artwork to a wide variety places for relaxation and enjoyment, the iconic High Line and is dearly loved as a remarkable landscaped city park in the air.
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|Friends of the High Line works in partnership with the City of New York to preserve and maintain the structure as an elevated public park. Visit the official High Line website; and specifically their About and Sustainable Practices pages. Watch the 3:25 High Line - Project of the Week 10/5/15 video from Greenroofs.com on the greenroofsTV channel on YouTube. Greenroofs.com Project of the Week video photo credits: All courtesy of (C)Steven L. Cantor, Landscape Architect, New York and (C)ZinCo except: The High Line in Manhattan, New York City at West 20th Street, looking downtown (south)" by Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license Beyond My Ken licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license; the High Line route map by OpenStreetMap contributors, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license; "Western Electric complex NYC 1936" by Unknown" under Public Domain; and the High Line Route Map from James Corner Field Operations via the ASLA, 2013.|
See Greenroofs.com Landscape Editor Steven L. Cantor's 14-part series A Comparison of the Three Phases of the High Line, New York City: A Landscape Architect and Photographer's Perspective from 2013 - 2015 and the September 23, 2014 Take a Walk on the High Line with Iwan Baan by Karissa Rosenfield with excellent photos of all three phases in ArchDaily. Watch the excellent 56:49 video covering up to Phase 2 of the High Line Great Museums: Elevated Thinking: The High Line in New York City by Great Museums, narrated by Susan Sarandon, published on June 18, 2014 on YouTube. Read the project profile on Wikipedia.
Read the March 20 2015 The High Line, NYC by Tazi Phillips in TimeOut New York; April 28, 2015 The Ultimate Guide to the High Line by Elissa Garay in Fodor'sTravel; September 22, 2014 The 5 Best Things About The New High Line by Shaunacy Ferro in Fast Co Design; and the May 2, 2012 The High Line as a Green Roof by Erika Harvey from The Friends of the High Line Blog.
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