Greenroofs.com’s “This Week in Review” on GreenroofsTV: June 8, 2012

June 11, 2012 at 1:57 pm

Each week you can expect to learn What’s New here on Greenroofs.com through our “This Week in Review” video.  Here is the transcript from June 8,  2012 from our daughter, Anjuli – click on the photo below to see the video, or here.  Enjoy!

– Hello, I’m Anjuli Velázquez and welcome to “This Week in Review” for June 8th,  2012 on GreenroofsTV.

Project of the Week

–  Our project of the week is the  Six Feet Under Pub & Fish House, built in 2010 in Atlanta, Georgia. This popular seafood and raw bar has two locations in Atlanta, one in Grant Park and the other in Westside. The Westside location boasts a lush plant storefront, but the main curb appeal is their small custom-designed green roof pavilion structure in front of the restaurant where patrons can sit and relax. Also, you can go upstairs to the roof patio/bar and catch the terrific views of the city from above the green roof. The airy wood deck has a long bar and ample umbrella-covered seating, and the long colorfully planted flower box with shrubs and vines surrounding the deck provides beautiful blooms, and a peek over the edge reveals the pitched greenroof, colorful in various seasons.

Owner Tad Mitchell was intrigued by green roofs, and wanted to create an appealing cool space for his customers while outside. The restaurant is doing its part to reduce their carbon footprint; for example, the windmill at their Westside location reduces the amount of greenhouse gas electricity that they use and helps to feed the power grid. In addition, Six Feet Under Pub & Fish House: recycles compostables, paper and cardboard as possible; uses and maintains energy-efficient equipment; uses compact fluorescent, linear fluorescent or LED lighting; powers up & powers down; does not use plastic water and soda bottles; uses takeout packaging to include corn starch to-go cups, takeaway utensils made from potato starch and recyclable paperboard takeout containers; and uses only recycled paper.

– To learn more about the Six Feet Under Pub & Fish House,  click on our project of the week photo on our homepage (or on the above photos).

What’s New

Greenroofs & Walls of the World™ Virtual Summit 2011 Video

– Watch our Greenroofs & Walls of the World™ Virtual Summit 2011  Episode #26: “Keynote Address Right Plant, Right Place”  by  Ed Snodgrass.

And find the rest of the videos in this series on our GreenroofsTV page and/or our greenroofsTV YouTube channel.

Joblinks

–  Apex Green Roofs is looking to fill a Maintenance Position in Somerville, MA.

–  Sky Gardens Blog

– Over at Sky Gardens, check out Linda’s latest posts: “Greenroofs & Walls of the World™ Virtual Summit 2011 Episode 26: Right Plant, Right Place” and “Greenroofs.com’s “˜This Week in Review’ on GreenroofsTV: June 1, 2012.”

– “Upcoming Events“

– June 10th: is the Deadline for the “Show Off Your Green Thumb In The PHS City Gardens” Contest, in Philadelphia, PA.

– “In the News“

–  James West and Tim McDonnell of The Atlantic Cities, take us on “An Interactive Journey Through New York’s Roofscape Makeover.”  Green roofs and reflective roofs are becoming more popular in New York City since the 2008 city rule that requires new roofs to be more environmentally-friendly.  Also, NYC is making it easier for solar panel installers to help their rooftops to become a bigger and better energy provider.

Climate Desk, a journalistic collaboration with The Atlantic, Mother Jones, Slate, and others went to the city’s rooftops to see first-hand how the roofscape of New York is adapting to our changing climate.  Click on each image “go GREEN” for greenroofs, “go SOLAR” for solar panels and “go WHITE” for reflective roofs to watch videos about what they saw.

–  Zoe Settle of the Huffington Post Blog, talks about “A Yacht With A Conscience.” Swiss designers Milena Cvijanovich and Denis Muller of MCM Design Studio have come up with a sexy sustainable luxury mega-yacht.  Island(E)motion will have a green roof, solar panels, wind turbines and a rainwater collector.  Cvijanovich is the daughter of Dr. George B. Cvijanovich, the inventor of one of the first solar panels, and she’s made environmental awareness and sustainability key components in her design.

Island(E)motion features over 700,000 square meters of flexible photovoltaic solar panels on the flat roofs, which will supply enough energy to cover basic electricity. Thermal panels provide hot water and small wind turbines will run the rest of the electrical needs with bio-diesel electric backup generators on hand.  The recycled-steel hull was designed to reduce fuel consumption, a brand-new propeller system captures the best of hydrogen and LNG fuel cell technology and, it also boasts rainwater storage and grey and black water reuse.  Also, the MCM team planned for the traditional yachting needs, including a helipad, massage rooms, a sandy beach and a dining room that seats 24.

– To learn more about these stories and new ones posted daily, go to our In the News or Newslinks section of our website.

– Send us your green articles, videos and images to editor@greenroofs.com and share your greenroof or greenwall info with the world!

– Make sure to keep up with everything Greenroofs.com by following us on Twitter, liking us on Facebook, being a member of our network on LinkedIn, and subscribing to our greenroofsTV channel on YouTube!

– This has been This Week in Review for June 8th,  2012 on GreenroofsTV.  I’m Anjuli Velázquez and I’ll see you next week!

*This week’s episode is sponsored by The Greenroof Directory, brought to you by Greenroofs.com.*


Did we miss something?  We’d love to hear from you!

~ Linda V.

Greenroofs.com’s “This Week in Review” on GreenroofsTV: June 1, 2012

June 3, 2012 at 3:05 pm

Each week you can expect to learn What’s New here on Greenroofs.com through our “This Week in Review” video.  Here is the transcript from June 1, 2012 from our daughter, Anjuli – click on the photo below to see the video, or here.  Enjoy!

– Hello, I’m Anjuli Velázquez and welcome to “This Week in Review” for June 1st, 2012 on GreenroofsTV.

Project of the Week

–  Our project of the week is the City Creek Center, built in 2012 in Salt Lake City, Utah. City Creek Center is Utah’s newest retail and dining destination and one of the largest sustainably designed urban communities in the state.  It covers two downtown city blocks and features a unique shopping environment with a retractable roof, a creek winding through the property, a pedestrian skybridge, and two 18 foot waterfalls.  The Center’s fully retractable glass roof is the nation’s first in a shopping center and retracts over the retail galleria so visitors can enjoy the shopping center in any kind of weather.  It also features three unique fountains that delight and entertain Salt Lake City shoppers with musically choreographed animations using the elements of fire and water.

Designed by SWA Group, City Creek has earned Silver LEED for Neighborhood Development as a pilot project.  Sustainable principles have been applied in design, construction and operation of City Creek; for example, more than 50% of the demolition debris was recycled. The 1-kilometer-long recreated creek with live fish and other flora/fauna habitat serves as the central organizing feature for the retail/housing/office development downtown, and is the largest flowing watercourse of its kind built on-structure in the U.S.  The water portion of the creek totals about 19,000 sf of over-structure greenroof, but paving, plantings, courtyards, and roof gardens add up to a total of 90,000 sf over-structure.  There is also a pond with live trout, lush plantings of native material and an interactive fountain in which children can play.  American Hydrotech supplied 300,000 sf of waterproofing for the entire City Creek Center.

– To learn more about the City Creek Center,  click on our project of the week photo on our homepage (or on the above photos).

What’s New

Greenroofs & Walls of the World™ Virtual Summit 2011 Video

– Watch our Greenroofs & Walls of the World™ Virtual Summit 2011  Episode #25: “Biodiversity and Greenroofs” Panel Presentation  with  Christine Thuring, Nathalie Baumann, Gary Grant and Dusty Gedge.

And find the rest of the videos in this series on our GreenroofsTV page and/or our greenroofsTV YouTube channel.

–  The Greenroofs.com eNewsletter

– Our May 2012 eNewsletter is out!    Check your inboxes for what’s been going on here all month long and if you’re not  subscribed,  click on the mail icon on our homepage and enter your e-mail address!

Advertiser Press Releases:

–  LiveRoof ® Selected for Green Roof on Biomedical Discovery District Facility at the University of Minnesota.

Joblinks

–  Sika Sarnafil USA is seeking a Technical Sales Representative in the Greater Chicago Area, Illinois.

Industry News

–  The American Institute of Architects introduced the first overview guide on how architects can implement the International Green Construction Code in their practice which was introduced in March by the International Code Council.  The guide, entitled simply, “Guide to the IgCC,” is meant as a one-stop-shop document exclusively for AIA-member architects working in jurisdictions where the IgCC is adopted or soon will be.

–  According to the 2012 Residential Landscape Architecture Trends survey conducted by the American Society of Landscape Architects, results show a preference for an undemanding outdoor space for lots of entertaining.  Landscape architects with a specialization in residential design across the country were asked to rate the expected popularity of a variety of residential outdoor design elements.  When thinking of gardening, Americans tend toward the practical and sustainable with native plants (86.3%), food/vegetable gardens (81.2%) – with over half of them preferred to be organic (61.2%), rain gardens (55.6%), and rooftop gardens (38.3%).

–  Sky Gardens Blog

–  Over at Sky Gardens, check out Linda’s latest posts: “Submission Deadline to the Green Roof and Wall Awards of Excellence Extended to June, 1st!,” “Greenroofs & Walls of the World™ Virtual Summit 2011 Episode 25: Biodiversity and Greenroofs Panel Presentation,” and “Greenroofs.com’s “˜This Week in Review’ on GreenroofsTV: May 25, 2012.”

– “Upcoming Events“

– June 1: is the new submission deadline for the Green Roof and Wall Awards of Excellence presented in Chicago at this year’s CitiesAlive in October.

–  June 2nd: is the Summer Exhibition – Urban Garden at the Brooklyn Botanic Garden, in Brooklyn, NY.

The new Garden Shop will have  Green Roofs and Rooftop Gardens, a comprehensive look at New York’s most exceptional rooftop gardening projects””including BBG’s Visitor Center””on sale for the first time.  Featuring an authoritative guide to NYC green roofs””including a rooftop farm in Queens and a high school classroom in the Bronx in addition to BBG’s own Visitor Center””Green Roofs and Rooftop Gardens offers inspirational ideas and practical advice for a gardener of any level interested in learning more about gardening on the highest level.  Chapters include contributions from editors here at Greenroofs.com including: Green Roofs Past, Present, and Future, by Linda S. Velazquez, Green Roof and Living Wall Trends, by    Linda S. Velazquez  with Haven Kiers, and Green Roof Horticulture, by Edmund C. Snodgrass.

–  June 2nd-3rd: is the Mother Earth News Fair, in Puyallup, WA. Follow on Twitter: @MotherEarthFAIR #MENF

–  June 5: is World Environment Day. Follow on Twitter: @UNEPandyou

–  And June 6th-7th: is the 7th Annual Northeast Buildings & Facilities Management Show & Conference, in Boston, MA.

– “In the News“

 

–  Jackie Wills of The Guardian, reports on “M&S: a sustainable blueprint to behold.”  The retailer’s landmark Ecclesall Road M&S store combines a range of unique characteristics, from LED lighting to rainwater toilets; and has become a learning store, where sustainability skills are shared among staff and local students.  It is the first United Kingdom store to win full Forest Stewardship Council project certification.

Some of the unique features include: natural ventilation in the stockroom and staff areas rather that air conditioning, glass doors on mobile fridges that cut energy use by 45% and an HFC-free refrigeration system, water use has been cut by 46% by installing low flush toilets, sensor taps and a rainwater-harvesting tank below ground.  Also, sun pipes bring natural lighting onto the shop floor, every brick was reclaimed from a disused mill in Manchester and polishing the concrete floor meant no need for coverings; and the shop has a sedum roof and a living wall for wildlife, which among other environmental benefits, will insulate the store and filter pollution.

–  Sarah DeWeerdt of The Atlantic Cities, talks about “A 30,000-Square-Foot Community Garden, in a Parking Garage.”  The project, dubbed the UpGarden, will have space for about 120 local gardeners.  The project came about because Seattle’s P-Patch community gardening program was looking for space to build a new garden in the neighborhood.  Eric Higbee, a landscape architect working on the project says, “as far as we can tell it’s the first community-managed food production garden on a rooftop” in the country.

Typical green roof technologies were too expensive, so they settled on a series of wooden raised beds 12 to 18 inches deep, which will be filled with potting soil, which is lighter than topsoil.  Roofs are bright and hot, which should make it easier to grow hot-weather crops like tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants but to offset the windy element and to help the soil stay moist, the team is considering putting in a drip irrigation system.  The knowledge developed here will aid in the development of other rooftop gardens in Seattle and elsewhere around our country.

– To learn more about these stories and new ones posted daily, go to our In the News or Newslinks section of our website.

– Send us your green articles, videos and images to editor@greenroofs.com and share your greenroof or greenwall info with the world!

– Make sure to keep up with everything Greenroofs.com by following us on Twitter, liking us on Facebook, being a member of our network on LinkedIn, and subscribing to our greenroofsTV channel on YouTube!

– This has been This Week in Review for June 1st,  2012 on GreenroofsTV.  I’m Anjuli Velázquez and I’ll see you next week!

*This week’s episode is sponsored by The Greenroof Directory, brought to you by Greenroofs.com.*


Did we miss something?  We’d love to hear from you!

~ Linda V.

Greenroofs.com’s “This Week in Review” on GreenroofsTV: May 25, 2012

May 26, 2012 at 3:27 pm

Each week you can expect to learn What’s New here on Greenroofs.com through our “This Week in Review” video.  Here is the transcript from May 25, 2012 from our daughter, Anjuli – click on the photo below to see the video, or here.  Enjoy!

– Hello, I’m Anjuli Velázquez and welcome to “This Week in Review” for May 25, 2012  on GreenroofsTV.

Project of the Week

–  Our project of the week is the  Private Kiawah Island Residential Green Roof, built in 2011 in Kiawah Island, South Carolina.  This greenroof is located in the marsh sensitive ecology of coastal South Carolina; and perennial grasses were chosen in order to create a seamless visual transition from the roof to the marsh below.  The semi-intensive greenroof works to visually outline the union between the building and the surrounding tidal marsh environment and also works to protect the vital buffer zone from harmful storm water.

The installation was challenging as space was limited for staging materials and lifting the growing media and pavers to the roof, but the team at Living Roofs, Inc. persevered through hot and muggy Charleston weather to finish another beautifully successful project.  The roof will significantly reduce storm water that would have previously dumped runoff into an important buffer zone just feet away.  The design seeks to minimize delineations between the roof structure and the surrounding environment, and Living Roofs, Inc. consulted on plant selection to help blend in the marsh view.  Walking among the perennial grasses on the roof is just like wandering through the native marshland at grade.

– To learn more about the Private Kiawah Island Residential Green Roof,  click on our project of the week photo on our homepage (or on the above photos).

What’s New

Greenroofs & Walls of the World™ Virtual Summit 2011 Video

– Watch the Greenroofs & Walls of the World™ Virtual Summit 2011 Episode  24: Panel Session “Greenroofs: Wind & Fire” with Kelly Luckett, Mike Ennis, and Jim Kirby.

And find the rest of the videos in this series on our GreenroofsTV page and/or our greenroofsTV YouTube channel.

Advertiser Press Releases:

–  First Sun-Root™ System Installed In North America by Green Roof Technology and Highview Creations.

–  Entrance to Harrah’s Cherokee to Feature a Stunning Green Roof by LiveRoof ®.

Green Living Technologies Founder, George Irwin, to Speak in Honduras as part of the U.S. Department of State International Information Programs.

Joblinks

–  Sika Sarnafil USA is seeking a Regional Sales Manager in the Greater Chicago Area, Illinois.

–  Sky Gardens Blog

– Over at Sky Gardens, check out Linda’s latest posts: “Greenroofs & Walls of the World™ Virtual Summit 2011 Episode 24: Greenroofs: Wind & Fire Panel,” and “Greenroofs.com’s “˜This Week in Review’ on GreenroofsTV: May 18, 2012.”

– “Upcoming Events“

–  Going on since May 23rd and through Saturday, the 26th: is EXPO Construe 2012, in San Pedro Sula, Honduras.

–  And May 30th-31st: is the UrbanTec China Conference, in Beijing, China.

– “In the News“

–  David Templeton of the Pittsburgh Post Gazette talks about “New building in Phipps Conservatory is greenest of its kind.”  The new Center for Sustainable Landscapes building behind the Phipps Conservatory and Botanical Gardens in Oakland features old-barn wood sidings, lots of windows and a rooftop garden.  It also represents America’s largest green building at 24,350 square feet and can claim net-zero energy and water usage.  The center will capture rainwater, then process it in wetland lagoons with sewage retained in wetland pits and then processed through sand filters, allowing the water’s reuse inside the building.  With ultraviolet technology, processed rainwater will be distilled to 100% pharmaceutical grade, but be used to water Phipps’ orchids.

The education, administration and research complex features a $500,000 solar-photovoltaic panel array with ground-mounted panels and others atop various Phipps buildings.  The solar-photovoltaic panels will produce 124 kilowatts of electricity with additional power generated by the 5-kilowatt vertical-axis wind turbine and 14 geothermal wells.  Building design also includes passive heating, cooling and lighting, including the rooftop garden, a large atrium, ventilation, a highly efficient air-conditioning system and triple-pane windows, all of which reduce the building’s energy needs by 80%.  Although the building is more expensive than the typical office building, Phipps’ benefits include never having to pay monthly bills for electricity, natural gas, water or sewage for the building.

–  Alice Hutton of the Cambridge News, says “Display is heaven scent for hay fever sufferers.”  More than 157,000 visitors will fill up this year’s RHS Chelsea Flower Show this week with floral displays, alpine troughs and rooftop gardens which are among some of the examples of horticulture remedies for hay fever sufferers.  Cambridge University Botanic Garden has collaborated with plant nursery Scotsdales, in Great Shelford, to create a garden with the lowest pollen count possible.

Urban Greening – Not To Be Sneezed At is displayed in the Great Pavilion and was created to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Royal College of Pathologists and is filled with the flowers and plants least likely to agitate allergies.  High allergen culprits like silver birch are replaced with low-allergen Japanese maples and ornamental shrubs like choisya and citrus are selected over lavender and fremontodendron, and the low-allergen Allium are used instead of itch-inducing Globe Thistles.  Check out the full article to find out how to buy tickets to the flower show.

– To learn more about these stories and new ones posted daily, go to our In the News or Newslinks section of our website.

– Send us your green articles, videos and images to editor@greenroofs.com and share your greenroof or greenwall info with the world!

– Make sure to keep up with everything Greenroofs.com by following us on Twitter, liking us on Facebook, being a member of our network on LinkedIn, and subscribing to our greenroofsTV channel on YouTube!

– This has been This Week in Review for May 25, 2012    on GreenroofsTV.  I’m Anjuli Velázquez and I’ll see you next week!

*This week’s episode is sponsored by The Greenroof Directory, brought to you by Greenroofs.com.*


Did we miss something?  We’d love to hear from you!

~ Linda V.

Greenroofs.com’s “This Week in Review” on GreenroofsTV: May 18, 2012

May 19, 2012 at 10:55 pm

Each week you can expect to learn What’s New here on Greenroofs.com through our “This Week in Review” video.  Here is the transcript from May 18, 2012 from our daughter, Anjuli – click on the photo below to see the video, or here.  Enjoy!

– Hello, I’m Anjuli Velázquez and welcome to “This Week in Review” for May 18th, 2012 on GreenroofsTV.

Project of the Week

–  Our project of the week is the  Drew School Sam Cuddleback III Assembly Wing Vertical Garden, built in 2011 in San Francisco, California.  The Drew School was founded in 1908 by the respected Bay Area educator John Sheehan Drew and has grown from a one student “coaching school” to a fully accredited co-educational college preparatory school enrolling 250 high school students.  The new $15 million Drew School Sam Cuddleback III Assembly Wing, performing arts space, and classroom building will be among the first high school buildings in the Bay Area to attain LEED Gold Certification™ for New Construction and for School Pilot.

Green features include: an external 1,720 sf living wall/vertical garden by Patrick Blanc, a 2,630 sf living roof by Rana Creek, recycled and sustainable USGBC-certified materials, and environmental sensors.  The vertical garden is made up of about 4,579 native Californian plants and approximately 64 of the 105 species are from the San Francisco Bay area. The hydroponic system delivers water supplemented with a low concentration of nutrients to the roots automatically from the top, four to five times a day.  Students study the plants on the wall as a living lab for many subjects, like botany, chemistry, and physics; one example was studying native plant uses by American Indians.

– To learn more about the Drew School Sam Cuddleback III Assembly Wing Vertical Garden, click on our project of the week photo on our homepage (or on the above photos).

What’s New

Greenroofs & Walls of the World™ Virtual Summit 2011 Video

– Watch our Greenroofs & Walls of the World™ Virtual Summit 2011 Episode  23: “Naturalism: Large-Scale Applications,” by Paul Kephart.

And find the rest of the videos in this series on our GreenroofsTV page and/or our greenroofsTV YouTube channel.

Advertiser Press Releases:

–  Green Living Technologies International (GLTi) and Hyload Launch Green Roof Single Source Extended Warranty Program.

The First “New Block™” Development, Park Landing Apartment Homes in Buena Park, California will Feature LiveRoof ® for its Green Roof.

Joblinks

–  An International Manufacturer of Roofing Products is looking for an Area Technical Sales Manager in South London, UK.

–  Sky Gardens Blog

– Over at Sky Gardens, check out Linda’s latest posts: “Greenroofs & Walls of the World™ Virtual Summit 2011 Episode 23: Naturalism: Large-Scale Applications of Living Architecture,” “Greenroofs.com’s “˜This Week in Review’ on GreenroofsTV: May 11, 2012,” and “Vanessa Keitges of Columbia Green in Forbes!”

– “Upcoming Events“

–  May 22nd-26th: is the RHS Chelsea Flower Show at the Royal Hospital Chelsea, in Chelsea, London.

–  May 23rd: is a Green Roofs (Toitures Vegetalisees) Meeting, in La Rochelle, France.

–  May 23rd-24th: is the EMC West Coast Energy Management Congress, in Seattle, Washington.

–  And May 25th-27th: is ROOF INDIA 2012, in Chennai, India (@RoofIndiaExpo)

– “In the News“

–  Ralph Gardener Jr. of the Wall Street Journal, reports on “Open-Air Status Symbols.” He says there are all kinds of envy in New York, and one that gets overlooked, is “roof envy” – the jealous feelings that are aroused towards “those who own, or at least have access to, outdoor spaces where they can sunbathe, barbecue or simply enjoy vistas larger than those framing their neighbors’ apartments.”

If you’re curious to see the green roofs of New York, then check out photojournalist Alex MacLean’s new book, “Up On the Roof.”  Last week, I mentioned a newslink that showcased some of MacLean’s amazing photos, and this newslink features an interview with him.  Gardener and MacLean talk about how the idea of his book came to be, how wealth and growing environmental consciousness attributes the the rise of green roofs in New York, and how green roofs, like the one at the Cook+Fox Architects building, were planted to help reduce the heat island effect and stormwater run off in New York City.

–  Green Building Press talks about “Cities Must Adapt To Climate Change Now – Reports Says.”  “Urban adaption to climate change in Europe,” the report from the European Environment Agency (EEA), says “Europe should seize the opportunity of improving quality of life while adapting to climate change in cities,” and it “also warns that delaying adaptation will be much more costly in the long-term.”  Most of Europe’s wealth is generated in cities, and urban areas are particularly at risk due to climate change; temperature is increasing, precipitation is changing and the sea level is rising.  Adaptation should work with nature, not against it and many adaptation measures can make cities more pleasant places to live.

Malmö in Sweden manages rainwater flows with a new open storm-water-system.  Greenroofs and open water channels lead rainwater into collection points that form a temporary reservoir.  Following water shortages in the 1990s, the City of Zaragoza in Spain managed to create a “water saving culture.”  Within 15 years this successful campaign aimed at citizens and businesses helped the city cut water consumption by almost 30%, despite a 12% population increase.  The recently launched European Climate Adaptation Platform Climate-ADAPT provides a comprehensive web resource aimed at policy makers and “practitioners” – engineers, planners and administrators – who can obtain adaptation knowledge in Europe and learn from the experience of others facing similar challenges already carrying out adaptation actions elsewhere.

– To learn more about these stories and new ones posted daily, go to our In the News or Newslinks section of our website.

– Send us your green articles, videos and images to editor@greenroofs.com and share your greenroof or greenwall info with the world!

– Make sure to keep up with everything Greenroofs.com by following us on Twitter, liking us on Facebook, being a member of our network on LinkedIn, and subscribing to our greenroofsTV channel on YouTube!

– This has been This Week in Review for May 18th, 2012  on GreenroofsTV.  I’m Anjuli Velázquez and I’ll see you next week!

*This week’s episode is sponsored by The Greenroof Directory, brought to you by Greenroofs.com.*


Did we miss something?  We’d love to hear from you!

~ Linda V.