New Arup Report Says Arid Cities Need Design Paradigm Shift to Remain Viable

April 3, 2018 at 11:56 pm
Arup Report Arid Cities Need Design Paradigm Shift Remain Viable

Arup: The model arid city.

Sustainability means a lot of different things to different people.

In an increasingly climate-challenged planet, some may say it’s counter intuitive- let alone against sustainability principles- to try and green the world’s arid regions with vegetation:

How can the use of water for green infrastructure, including building integrated greenery, be reconciled against its limited availability?  Could the practice even be considered irresponsible?  Can and are greenroofs and greenwalls really sustainable in the desert?

Arid Cities Need a Design Paradigm Shift to Remain Viable

As always, sustainable design principles can be applied in every built environment – we just have to pick and choose the correct ones.  All sustainable design should be city and site-specific, with systems and low impact development working in tandem with its local ecology.

“Cities in arid regions are expected to experience the highest rates of natural population growth and urbanisation in the coming century. Yet most are still being planned and designed based on a global city-making paradigm from the 1950s. Cities need to adapt strategies that combine technological innovation with locally adapted and climatically appropriate solutions.

Even simple things such as building orientation and the resulting shade can have a significant impact – allowing people to socialise outdoors, rather than rushing from car to building. Rethinking the way we design public space, can have a significant impact on the wellbeing of citizens.” ~ Arup Associate, Hrvoje Cindric

International Green Roof Congress 2018 Kuwait

During February’s 5th International Green Roof Congress 2018 Kuwait, held for the first time in the Persian Gulf region, we had the pleasure of hearing from Rudi Scheuermann.  He’s Arup’s Global Leader of the Building Envelope Design Team, Arup Fellow, and Global Façades leader.  Rudi spoke about the new downloadable Arup Report, Cities Alive – Rethinking Cities in Arid Environments.

He gave a great overview of the Report’s research and stressed the importance of teamwork and necessity of a design paradigm shift for city planners and designers working in arid environments.

The International Green Roof Congress 2018 Kuwait was held in the very green municipal Al Shaheed Park, one of the biggest greenroofs in the world.  On the evening of the first night, we had a sumptuous dinner atop the venue on a beautiful, clear evening.

Arup Report Arid Cities Need Design Paradigm Shift Remain Viable

Arup Report Arid Cities Need Design Paradigm Shift Remain Viable

The Trade Show, the excellent lunches, and refreshment breaks were held in a covered breezeway outdoors.

As if on cue, after rain greeted us when we arrived on the second day of the fantastic Kuwait Congress, we experienced a sandstorm!  It was a little scary but the couple-hour long event drove home the point that although our surroundings were quite sustainable in design, we were situated within a desert.

Arup Report Arid Cities Need Design Paradigm Shift Remain Viable

From our hotel we can see the sandstorm approaching on the morning of February 18 as we were leaving for the 2nd day of the IGRC Kuwait 2018 Congress.

Arup Report on Arid Cities: Rethink Planning and Design

Released a couple of weeks ago, the Arup Report outlines three key recommendations to shape the next century of city building in arid regions:

  1. Learning from the past. Build upon locally adapted climate-specific design solutions.
  2. Invest in green and blue infrastructure that is designed to work with local environmental and ecological systems.
  3. Designing intelligent buildings and public spaces that can meet the needs of people in changing climates.

Arup Report Arid Cities Need Design Paradigm Shift Remain Viable

“The report is structured to present best practices for sustainable design in arid environments at the scale of cities, spaces, and buildings. The best practices are presented with illustrated examples showing implementation as well as critical reflections from leading practitioners on the forefront of city making in arid regions around the world.” ~ Cities Alive – Rethinking Cities in Arid

One Third of Our Land Surface is Arid

My own Kuwait Congress presentation was entitled “Top 10 Living Architecture Trends in Dry and Sub-Humid Regions.”  Arid and semi-arid lands, grasslands and savannahs, and Mediterranean landscapes encompass 47.39% of the global terrestrial area, and I showed some awesome and sustainably designed, climate appropriate projects.

Arup Report Arid Cities Need Design Paradigm Shift Remain Viable

In a world where almost a third of our land surface is classified as arid, the Arup Report is very timely.

The report points to examples of initiatives in arid cities that are making them more sustainable, healthier and better places to live, including:

Arup Report Arid Cities Need Design Paradigm Shift Remain Viable

Arup: Fog is a common occurrence in Dubai and other arid Gulf cities.

Fog and dew harvesting: new technology is allowing harvesting systems and materials to be optimised to extract large amounts of water, even in arid environments with low levels of humidity. The Sustainability Pavilion at the upcoming Dubai Expo 2020 will use hybrid structures that generate renewable solar energy and capture water from humidity in the air to supply a significant proportion of the pavilion’s water requirements.

Cool pavements: small changes to existing designs can make an impact. For example, a rethink of public spaces could improve the quality of lives for citizens. The City of Los Angeles has begun coating its streets with a special paint, CoolSeal, to reduce the temperature of the city. In an initial test it has been shown to reduce ambient temperatures by 6.6 degrees Celsius.

Energy efficient buildings: buildings can be designed to play an active role in reducing reliance on air conditioning and mitigating the Urban Heat Island effect. The Al Bahar Towers in Abu Dhabi have a unique dynamic shading system – a modular ‘Mashrabiya’ that opens and closes to provide self-shading as the sun moves around the building. The system is predicted to reduce the solar energy entering the building by 20% – reducing the amount of air conditioning and energy consumption of the building. Work is also underway to develop buildings that have a cooling effect on their surroundings.

Green roofs and walls: these are not just beautiful but provide cities with greater resilience. A Xeriscape approach, using plant species selected to maximise effective shade and shelter, reducing noise, glare, dust and air pollution, can deliver highly functional areas with a microclimate suitable for people to enjoy throughout the year. Green roof designs in arid climates should aim for a larger percentage of hard surfaces and fewer green elements, reducing the need for irrigation water. The Brewbooks Cactus Garden Roof in Los Angeles is a good example of this.

Open air living: Attractive and comfortable public spaces are vital to the success of cities, significantly impacting their social and economic success. In arid regions the number of public spaces has shrunk dramatically in recent decades. Reversing this trend, the Downtown Project in Las Vegas has aimed to redevelop the city’s old centre, to promote the benefits of a more walkable neighbourhood. The project has made substantial investments in street art and installations to make walking more interesting and comfortable to encourage people to think beyond the car.” ~ Cities Alive – Rethinking Cities in Arid Environments

Arup Report Arid Cities Need Design Paradigm Shift Remain Viable

Arup: Proposed Sustainability Pavilion at the World Expo 2020 in Dubai.

Well-researched with numerous case studies, we find project examples from around the world including the Middle East, Chile, Australia, and the U.S.  In addition to being very interesting, Cities Alive – Rethinking Cities in Arid Environments is well worth your time to review and see what many locales are doing for their own environments.

Enjoy, and we look forward to your comments!

By Linda S. Velazquez, ASLA, LEED AP, GRP
Greenroofs.com Publisher & Greenroofs & Walls of the World™ Virtual Summits Host

Greenroofs.com Project of the Week for March 5, 2018: Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof & Greenwalls

March 5, 2018 at 2:50 pm

Greenroofs.com Project Week Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof Greenwalls

Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof & Greenwalls
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
32,292 sf greenroof & vegetated terraces and approximately 500 sf greenwalls

Greenroofs.com Project Week Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof Greenwalls

Greenroofs.com Project Week Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof Greenwalls

Greenroofs.com Project of the Week: March 5, 2018

Following our wonderful experience attending the 5th International Green Roof Congress in Kuwait City last month, we are highlighting one of the projects we visited afterwards when we traveled to Dubai: the beautiful Dubai Opera and its new Opera Garden.

Installed in July 2017, the Dubai Opera Garden has center stage to the Burj Lake and the fabulous Dubai Music Fountains presented by the stunning Burj Khalifa, currently the world’s highest building.

Greenroofs.com Project Week Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof Greenwalls

Mini Description & Details

Situated in what is considered ‘the most prestigious square kilometre in the world’, the spectacular Dubai Opera is framed by the Burj Khalifa, lakes, fountains, and an array of mixed-use development.  Shaped like a dhow, a traditional wooden sailing vessel used in Arabian Gulf waters, the Dubai Opera was designed by ATKINS.

Greenroofs.com Project Week Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof Greenwalls

Greenroofs.com Project Week Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof Greenwalls

The 3,000 square meter Dubai Opera Garden green roof was installed by AGCCIC over a large utility building located directly in front after two years of research by Knauf Insulation. Many festivities are held here at the publicly accessible green roof park and cultural space.

Challenges included weight restraints of the roof structure, the hot and dry environment, and high water consumption for keeping the roof green.

Greenroofs.com Project Week Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof Greenwalls

Knauf Insulation provided a lightweight system created by using only a 10 centimeter growing media profile using one layer of Urbanscape Green Roll mineral growing media (known as Hydro Blanket in the US) and a layer of local sweet soil on top.

Two types of semi-intensive green roofs include the large, open green park space planted with native Paspalum Grass and a smaller slightly elevated roof for plant testing with Sesuvium and others.  The system weight was reduced by 70% and irrigation needs were lowered up to 40% as compared to the standard green roof solution in Dubai.

Greenroofs.com Project Week Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof Greenwalls

Greenroofs.com Project Week Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof Greenwalls

More

Steps provide entry to the new green roof with access ramps on the side, dramatically lighted at night. A series of colorful modular greenwalls cover two sides to soften the structure.

Surrounded by a set of curvaceous vegetated terraces, a variety of different climate-adapted shrubs were planted such as Agave and Bougainvillea. The open space provides a beautiful elevated view of the world famous Dubai Music Fountains and colorful light show put on several times nightly.

Dubai Opera is a definitive international destination for performing arts, and its Opera Garden provides a needed and spacious public greenspace amenity to visitors to the world-class entertainment venue.

Greenroofs.com Project Week Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof Greenwalls

Greenroofs.com Project Week Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof Greenwalls

Year: 2017
Owner:
EMAAR Properties
Location:
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Building Type:
Commercial
Type:
Semi-Intensive
System:
Single Source Provider
Greenroof Size:
32,292 sq.ft. and Greenwalls Size: ~ 500 sq.ft.
Slope:
2% and 95%
Access:
Accessible, Open to Public

Greenroofs.com Project Week Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof Greenwalls

Greenroofs.com Project Week Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof Greenwalls

Designers/Manufacturers of Record:

Landscape Design: Harold Bekker, NLME Design
Landscape Design: Patrick Blom, NLME Design
John Noordam: BVB Substrates
Mineral Growing Media: Urbanscape Green Roll (Hydro Blanket), Knauf Insulation
Jure Sumi: Knauf Insulation Green Solutions
Darja Majkovic: Knauf Insulation Green Solutions
Dubai Opera Architect: Janus Rostock, ATKINS
Green Roof Installation: AGCCIC
Modular Greenwall System: Biotecture Ltd
Greenwall Installation: Acacia LLC (part of Tanseeq Investments group of companies)

Greenroofs.com Project Week Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof Greenwalls

All the Info:

View the Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof & Vegetated Terraces and Dubai Opera Garden Greenwalls project profiles to see ALL of the Photos and Additional Information about these particular projects in The International Greenroof & Greenwall Projects Database.

Greenroofs.com Project Week Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof Greenwalls

Project of the Week Video Feature

Watch the Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof & Greenwalls Project of the Week Video below or see it on our GreenroofsTV channel on YouTube:

Greenroofs.com Project of the Week 3/5/18 video credits: Video courtesy of Linda S. Velazquez and photos © courtesy of Knauf Insulation/Urbanscape® Green Roof, Dubai Opera, EMAAR Properties, dubaimetro.eu, AntonGots.com, and Linda S. Velazquez.

Did we miss your contribution? Please let us know to add you to the Dubai Opera Garden Green Roof & Vegetated Terraces and Dubai Opera Garden Greenwalls profiles.

Would you like one of your projects to be featured on Greenroofs.com? We have to have a profile first! Submit Your Project Profile.

Love the Earth, Plant a Roof (or Wall)!

By Linda S. Velazquez, ASLA, LEED AP, GRP
Greenroofs.com Publisher & Greenroofs & Walls of the World™ Virtual Summits Host

Greenroofs.com Project of the Week for February 12, 2018: 360 MALL and Expansion

February 13, 2018 at 12:56 pm

Greenroofs.com Project Week 360 Mall in Kuwait and Extension

360 Mall Vertical Gardens and 360 Expansion-Sheikh Jaber Al Abdullah Al Jaber Al Sabah International Tennis Complex
Kuwait City, Kuwait
8,934 sf vertical gardens and 16,684 sf vertical gardens under construction

Greenroofs.com Project Week 360 Mall Kuwait and Extension

Photo courtesy of ©Mitchell Duncan & Associates Ltd

Greenroofs.com Project Week 360 Mall Kuwait and Extension

Graphic for CallisonRTKL by ©Sport Concepts

Greenroofs.com Project of the Week: February 12, 2018

Living architecture in the arid, water-scarce Middle East is challenging, but very doable.  Many examples exist of outdoor and indoor greenroofs and walls.  In honor of this week’s 5th International Green Roof Congress in Kuwait City, we are highlighting a particularly distinctive and curvaceous indoor living wall project and future expansion project by French botanist Patrick Blanc.

Held from February 17-18, 2018 at the very green Al Shaheed Park, we’re excited to attend!  And, I’m thrilled to be closing with my new “Top 10 Living Architecture Trends in Dry & Sub-Humid Regions” presentation on Sunday.

Greenroofs.com Project Week 360 Mall Kuwait and Extension

Photo ©CRTKL

Mini Description & Details

Developed by the Tamdeen Group and designed by architects CallisonRTKL, the 360 MALL in Kuwait is a unique luxury retail and entertainment complex.  One of the most dynamic retail and leisure destinations in the region has been created, combining upscale shopping, entertainment, art, and state-of-the-art technology.

Its dramatic circular shape was in part a result of rigorous zoning requirements.  CallisonRTKL took architectural design inspiration from the time-honored Islamic tradition of navigating by the stars.

Greenroofs.com Project Week 360 Mall Kuwait and Extension

Photo courtesy of ©Mitchell Duncan & Associates Ltd

Greenroofs.com Project Week 360 Mall Kuwait and Extension

Photo courtesy ©Patrick Blanc

In 2009, the first hydroponic Patrick Blanc Vertical Gardens were planted in the main Atrium and Solar Garden, and include four freestanding double-sided vegetated walls.  In 2015 the Food Lounge underwent an extension project and a major feature is the new garden-themed court with a 10-meter high waterfall as a focal point.

Planted in 2017, lush vertical gardens were added including a 29 m-long narrow suspended blade known as the “Fountain Hanging Crown.”  Patrick Blanc selected over 21,500 plants representing over 101 species from around the world.

Greenroofs.com Project Week 360 Mall in Kuwait and Extension

Photography by Yousef Al Nasser, @yousefcam

Visually stunning, the vertical gardens function as a natural biofilter, improving the mall’s air quality.  The plants were chosen for their diverse form, color, and texture to create a soothing and relaxing canvas of a tropical forest.

Greenroofs.com Project Week 360 Mall Kuwait and Extension

Photo by FAJERALFARSI on Khaleejesque

Greenroofs.com Project Week 360 Mall Kuwait and Extension

Photo courtesy of ©Mitchell Duncan & Associates Ltd

More

The 360 MALL is a favorite destination for great shopping, food choices, and pleasing plus soothing environment to enjoy the sights, sounds, and scents of a beautiful, green and charming oasis.

In 2015 a massive 360 MALL Extension commenced with a  additional shopping and leisure activities, and the 7,600-seat Sheikh Jaber Al Abdullah Al Jaber Al Sabah International Tennis Complex.  The new complex will feature a 350 m-long and 7 m-high indoor circular Vertical Garden by Patrick Blanc, slated to be one of the longest greenwalls ever.

Greenroofs.com Project Week 360 Mall in Kuwait and Extension

Graphics for CallisonRTKL by ©Sport Concepts

Greenroofs.com Project Week 360 Mall Kuwait and Extension

Year: 2009, 2017 & Current
Owner:
Tamdeen Shopping Centers
Location:
Kuwait City, Kuwait
Building Type:
Commercial
Type:
Living Wall
System:
Single Source Provider
Size:
8934 sq.ft. +16,684 sq. ft.
Slope:
100%
Access:
Accessible, Open to Public

Greenroofs.com Project Week 360 Mall Kuwait and Extension

Photo courtesy of ©Mitchell Duncan & Associates Ltd

Greenroofs.com Project Week 360 Mall Kuwait and Extension

Photo courtesy ©Patrick Blanc

Designers/Manufacturers of Record:

Developer: Tamdeen Group
Architect: CallisonRTKL
Vertical Garden Designer: Patrick Blanc, Le Mur Vegetal
Living Wall System: Dr. Patrick Blanc, Le Mur Vegetal

Greenroofs.com Project Week 360 Mall Kuwait and Extension

Graphic by ©HyattHotel

Greenroofs.com Project Week 360 Mall Kuwait and Extension

Photo courtesy © Mustafa E.K.

All the Info:

View the 360 MALL Vertical Gardens and 360 MALL Extension-Sheikh Jaber Al Abdullah Al Jaber Al Sabah International Tennis Complex to see ALL of the Photos and Additional Information about these particular projects in The International Greenroof & Greenwall Projects Database.

Greenroofs.com Project Week 360 Mall Kuwait and Extension

Photo ©mid-east.info

Project of the Week Video Feature

Watch the 360 Mall Vertical Gardens and 360 Expansion-Sheikh Jaber Al Abdullah Al Jaber Al Sabah International Tennis Complex Project of the Week Video below or see it on our GreenroofsTV channel on YouTube:

Greenroofs.com Project of the Week 2/12/18 video credits: Photos courtesy of ©Mitchell Duncan & Associates Ltd.; ©Mustafa E.K Photography; ©Patrick Blanc, ©CRKTL, ©Tamdeen Group, and ©Sport Concepts courtesy of Patrick Blanc; and ©mid-east.info.

Did we miss your contribution? Please let us know to add you to the 360 Mall Vertical Gardens and 360 Expansion-Sheikh Jaber Al Abdullah Al Jaber Al Sabah International Tennis Complex profiles.

Would you like one of your projects to be featured on Greenroofs.com? We have to have a profile first! Submit Your Project Profile.

Love the Earth, Plant a Roof (or Wall)!

By Linda S. Velazquez, ASLA, LEED AP, GRP
Greenroofs.com Publisher & Greenroofs & Walls of the World™ Virtual Summits Host

Patrick Blanc to Speak at the International Green Roof Congress in Kuwait (17-18 February) by Wolfgang Ansel

February 9, 2018 at 12:06 pm

Patrick Blanc Will Speak International Green Roof Congress 2018 Kuwait

Urban Oasis Experience – 5th International Green Roof Congress 2018 Kuwait

The 5th International Green Roof Congress in Kuwait (17-18th February 2018, Al Shaheed Park) is only a week away.  For the first time this special event will bring together Green Building experts from the Middle East, Europe and the USA for a cross-border exchange of experiences in the field of Green Roofs and Green Walls.

Noted French Botanist Patrick Blanc Added to Distinguished Speakers

Patrick Blanc Will Speak International Green Roof Congress 2018 Kuwait

Part of the outstanding speaker programme is Patrick Blanc, the inventor of the Mur Végétal or Vertical Garden concept – plant walls, which enable the introduction of biodiversity onto the concrete walls of towns.  Altogether, Patrick has created over 300 Vertical Gardens all over the world including projects in Kuwait, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Dubai.

Patrick Blanc Will Speak International Green Roof Congress 2018 Kuwait

360 Mall in Kuwait City by Patrick Blanc. Image courtesy of ©Mitchell Duncan & Associates Ltd.

Many of Patrick’s works are in conjunction with famous architects like Jean Nouvel, Herzog and de Meuron, Tadao Ando, Andrée Putman, Marc Newson, Francis Soler, and many more.

See the entire outstanding Speaker Programme at www.greenroofworld.com.

Patronage of H.E. Sheikh Ali Jarrah Al Sabah – Minister of Al-Diwan Al-Amiri

Patrick Blanc Will Speak International Green Roof Congress 2018 Kuwait

The 5th International Green Roof Congress 2018 is under the patronage of H.E. Sheikh Ali Jarrah Al Sabah – Minister of Al-Diwan Al-Amiri.  The Amiri Diwan has successfully rehabilitated the Al Shaheed Park with wide green spaces, landscaping and waterfalls, as well as many buildings and multi-purpose facilities and uses – and it’s one of the largest green roofs in the world.

Pioneering Congress in the Persian Gulf

Patrick Blanc Will Speak International Green Roof Congress 2018 Kuwait

Al Shaheed Park narrates the story of a land, its history, and culture. Image: © Al Hani Construction and Trading Company.

The pioneering congress in Kuwait will have an important impact on the development of the Green Building topic in the Middle East.  More information about the exciting congress programme with excursion, lectures, panel discussion and evening reception can be found at www.greenroofworld.com.

Don’t miss the opportunity to participate in this unique event.

Register Today at http://www.greenroofworld.com/registration/.

We look forward to seeing you in Kuwait’s new urban oasis – the Al Shaheed Park.  Please don’t hesitate to share this information within your network.Patrick Blanc Will Speak International Green Roof Congress 2018 Kuwait

~ Wolfgang Ansel of the International Green Roof Association (IGRA)

Register Today 5th International Green Roof Congress 2018 Kuwait

Patrick Blanc Will Speak International Green Roof Congress 2018 Kuwait

Wolfgang Ansel is a biologist and the Director of the International Green Roof Association (IGRA). One of his main areas of work is implementing Green Roof policies and guidelines on an international level. Wolfgang Ansel is co-author of different Green Roof books.

During the last years, he was an invited speaker at congresses in Europe, North America, and Asia. IGRA’s targets include the worldwide promotion of the ecological Green Roof idea, an international knowledge transfer in the field of Green Roofs, and the stimulation of international standards for good practices and reliable Green Roof technology.

Patrick Blanc Will Speak International Green Roof Congress 2018 Kuwait

Contact Wolfgang Ansel, Director, International Green Roof Association (IGRA):

PO Box 2025
72610 Nuertingen / Germany
Tel.: +49 7022 / 7191980
E-Mail: ansel@igra-world.com
www.greenroofworld.com