Go Green - City Buildings Donning Green Tops to Reduce Warming,"
by Amanda Onion (July 5, 2002). The ABC NEWS.com
(ABC News Internet Ventures) reporter highlights the City of Chicago's City Hall
Greenroof and how it is successfully reducing surface temperatures. Read
the story under NEWS LINKS - Archives.
ajc.com, "Atlantans looking up to chill out,"
by Reagan Walker (July 3, 2003): Living. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution
describes how rooftop amenities are in increasing demand in metro Atlanta
- The HauStudio greenroof project, designed by Linda Velazquez, is highlighted.
Read the story at NEWS LINKS.
ajc.com, "In the hunt for springtime? The
Southeastern Flower Show is hope chest of hidden treasure," by Danny C. Flanders (February 22, 2002). The Living Review section of the Atlanta
Journal-Constitution describes highlights of the 2002 Southeastern Flower Show,
and talks about the Atlanta Botanical Garden's Greenroof display.
Available under NEWS LINKS - Archives.
"Gardening in the sky - New twin towers' rooftop retreat rises to the challenge
of going green, high up" by Danny C. Flanders (July 3, 2003): Living. The
Atlanta Journal-Constitution Staff writer addresses the special concerns of
creating gardens in the sky, in particular the new Metropolis, a condo in
Midtown Atlanta, set atop a parking garage.
ajc.com, "Roof might take root on Atlanta's City
Hall," by Kevin Duffy (May 27, 2002). The Metro section of the Atlanta
Journal-Constitution talks about plans for the City of Atlanta's interest in
building green by installing a greenroof at City Hall. Read the online
article under NEWS LINKS - Archives.
ArchitectureWeek.com, "Green Roof Retrofit," by
ArchitectureWeek Staff (April 9, 2003) Building Department: B1. "The 1925
art deco-style Montgomery Ward Catalog Building in Baltimore, Maryland has just
undergone a rehabilitation. The adaptive reuse project by
DMJMH+N, an architecture/ engineering firm in
Washington D.C., restored the facade of the landmark building and installed a
30,000-square foot (2800-square-meter) "green" roof." Ed Snodgrass of
Green Roof Plants supplied the low growing Alpine plants. Read the story
under NEWS LINKS.
ArchitectureWeek.com, "Greening Rooftops," by
ArchitectureWeek Staff (June 25, 2003): News. The Greening Rooftops for
Sustainable Communities 2003 Conference is highlighted along with the six
winners of The Green Roof Awards of Excellence presented at the Conference
Dinner Gala. See photos and read about it at NEWS LINKS.
"City of Seattle Adopts LEED Rating System," by Gregory Raho (March
28, 2001). Access Architectural Record's online article by a Cornell
University student from NEWS LINKS - Archives.
"Green Roofs Can Reduce Stormwater Pollution," by Deborah Snoonian,
P.E. (February 7, 2001). Read this short article from the NEWS LINKS -
section of my website.
"Vegetation Systems Atop Buildings Yield Multiple Environmental Benefits," by
Nancy Solomon, AIA (March 2003) Building Science: Continuing Education: 149-156.
Ms. Solomon presents learning objectives for AIA Continuing Education and
explores how this "roofing technology developed in Germany is starting to take
root in North America." Access the net article under NEWS LINKS or
see the hard copy of the March 2003 Architectural Record magazine.
asahi.com, "Green is Good: Tokyo leaves
rooftop lawns to grow it alone," by Asahi Shimbun (July 8, 2003): English:
National News. Tokyo officials are experimenting with rooftop gardens that
require no maintenance using short grass turf and sedum - read the story under
Michael. "Zoo Atlanta." Landscape Architect & Specifier
News (November 1997): 84. The original responsible landscape architect
and Curator of Horticulture at Zoo Atlanta writes about the new Action Resource
Center and its living roof.
bbc.co.uk, "Green roof solution to lost
habitats," by BBC News UK Staff (July 8, 2003): UK News. According to
English Nature - a government agency that champions the conservation of wildlife
and geology throughout England - a solution to the problem of lost urban
wildlife habitats could be found right above our heads, and examples are shown
from London and surrounding areas of growing greenroof interest and projects.
Read the article under NEWS LINKS.
John, personal communications, June 2000. John was the original Chicago
City Hall Greenroof Project Coordinator, and provided a project write up for the Green
Roof Infrastructure Workshop we all attended in June, 2000 in Toronto.
Steve, Editor. The Southern Living Garden Book. Birmingham:
Oxmoor House, Inc., 1998. Here's a beautifully illustrated 512-page
comprehensive plant reference for gardens of the south.
Jay. Water, Water Everywhere;
But is it Pure? The Atlanta
Journal-Constitution (April 12, 1999): E3.
The associate editor of the Constitutions editorial pages examines the
Atlanta regions critical water supply and quality issues.
Council for Offices and the Corporation of London, "Green Roofs Advice Note."
June, 2003. This highly informative Advice Note was created
with assistance from the City of London Biodiversity Strategy. The
12-page PDF can be accessed under How To's or NEWS LINKS.
Brooke, James. "'Heat
Island Tokyo' Is in Global Warming's Vanguard."
The New York Times, On The Web,
www.nytimes.com (August 13, 2002): International/Asia Section. The
author speaks to an environmental director, a professor of climatology, and
other national researchers in Japan concerning Tokyo's rising urban heat island
problems. Read the story in NEWS LINKS
Brown, Lane Harvey. "Green
roofs a growing technology in U.S. cities - Baltimore among towns plotting
gardens overhead." The
Baltimore Sun (May 26,2002): Telegraph, 1A. Farmer and greenroof plant
expert Ed Snodgrass is interviewed and Baltimore area greenroof project plans
are explored. Read the story under NEWS LINKS
Kevin, personal communications, March
1999. E-mail, photos and documentation. Kevin
was the Project Manager at William McDonough + Partners overseeing the Gap
Headquarters in San Bruno, near San Francisco.
BusinessWeek Online, "The
BW/Architectural Record Awards," by
Bruce Nussbaum, Special Report (November 3, 2003). Once a year,
BusinessWeek joins with Architectural Record, a sister publication at The
McGraw-Hill (MHP) Companies, to run an international contest that rewards
distinguished architecture for its ability to meet serious business goals; a
greenroof atop the Gannett Headquarters in McLean, VA is one of the winners -
see NEWS LINKS.
channelnewsasia.com, "First green roof on trial at Punggol multi-storey carpark,"
See (November 6, 2003): Singapore News. Costing $500,000, the
year-long trial will test if greenroofs can be built at affordable rates and
with minimal maintenance; drought-resistant and low maintenance plant species
are grown on the first greenroof plots in Singapore. See NEWS LINKS.
Cheney, Colin. "Seeking Support for Green Roofs."
Metropolis Magazine (December 16, 2002): Urban Journal.
Colin Cheney is New York City's Earth Pledges Green Roof Initiative
Coordinator, and writes about their
latest workshop, and how future greenroof construction support may include tax
credits, building incentives, regulation, and direct grants. A Green Roofs Task
Force was formed to further explore policy incentives for green development.
Read the story on NEWS LINKS
Chicagobusiness.com, "Builders see red over green
roofs," by Alby Gallun & Greg Hinz
(February 3, 2003). The Crain's Chicago Business story focuses on how some
developers think the City of Chicago's new ecological ordinance regarding
greenroofs will be costly and appear too pushy. Chicago's Department
of the Environment says the Chicago City Hall greenroof saves $4,000 a year on
energy costs, and currently, several
other area greenroof projects are currently being developed. See NEWS
LINKS for the entire article.
ChicagoTribune.com, "Conference green
with envy - City Hall rooftop garden grows a fan club,"
by Sabrina L. Miller (June 2, 2003): News. Originally published June
1, 2003, the Tribune staff reporter highlights the Greening Rooftops for
Sustainable Communities 2003 - the First North American Green Roof
Conference, Awards & Trade Show held in Chicago on May 28-29 2003 in The Chicago Tribune - Online Edition.
Read the story under NEWS LINKS.
ChicagoTribune.com, "Top Soil - The City's Push for 'Green Roofs' is
Beginning to Take Root," by Katherine Millett (August 17, 2003): News:
Features. The Chicago Tribune - Online Edition reports on the Sachs family
residence with a garage-top greenroof by
GreenTech, and other Chicago area
greenroof projects. See NEWS LINKS for the complete story.
cityfarmer.com, "Green Roofs," by Wayne Roberts (January
Published by City Farmer, Canada's
Office of Urban Agriculture, this Urban Agriculture Notes article speaks
about Toronto's continuing efforts to green rooftops through research and
demonstration projects. The author writes, "Toronto
City Hall offered up the garden plots on its third floor podium roof, built by
companies backing the Green Roofs for Healthy Cities coalition, for a case study
by the Institute for Research in Construction, a branch of the Ottawa-based
National Research Council." Read the
entire story under NEWS LINKS.
"Green rooftop technology saves energy, cools air," by Environmental
News Network Staff (January 1, 2001). Access the complete article from the
NEWS LINKS - Archives section of my website.
"In-Depth Special: City Limits; Urban hot spots, New York, Atlanta, and
Salt Lake City, United States," (October 28, 2000). Access the complete article
regarding urban heat island studies of these three U.S. cities from the
Ecological section of Environmental Advantages.
Cohen, Billie and TONY Staff. "Secret
gardens: Discover the hidden worlds above NYC, Above and beyond." Time Out
New York (August 28-September 4, 2003) Issue 413: Features. Private
rooftops, roof views and a few greenroofs are briefly highlighted in New York
City by "the obsessive guide to impulsive entertainment."
Cohn, Meredith. "Montgomery
Park's big sign goes on tonight - Reborn building to greet first tenant this
summer - Innovations abound - Roof will sprout
greenery and will help recycle the rain." The Baltimore Sun
(June 10, 1002): Business, 11C. The Sun Staff writer reports on the
unveiling of the old Montgomery Ward & Company catalog warehouse. At
present it is Baltimore's largest office building, and now has incorporated a
greenroof as part of its overall sustainable design strategy. Read the
story under NEWS LINKS - Archives.
Lanna. "Green roofs cool for summer, environmentalist says,"
University of Toronto News@UofT
(April 24, 2002). University of Toronto shares preliminary results of a study
conducted showing greenroofs are better than conventional roofs for insulating
homes in the winter and cooling them down in the summer.
what Professor Brad Bass of the Institute for
Environmental Studies and a researcher for Environment Canada's Adaptation and
Impacts Research Group has to report
under NEWS LINKS - Archives.
Daily Yomiuri Online,
"Green data from Fukuoka," by Asami Nagai Daily Yomiuri Staff Writer
(November 29, 2003): Features: Scene. Data gathered during 2000 at Acros
Fukuoka, Japan, shows that plants are surprisingly effective at suppressing the
buildup of heat--the temperature of roof garden soil in summer was on average
about 15 C lower than that of an exposed concrete surface. Read the story
under NEWS LINKS.
Daily Yomiuri Online, "Pets enjoying
high life on rooftops," by Yomiuri
Shimbun, (September 29, 2003). Many Japanese are looking to their
rooftops for amenity greenspace specifically designed for their pets. Read
about it under NEWS LINKS.
Daily Yomiuri Online, "Putting down roots Horticultural
joy and relaxation all year long," by Asami Nagai Daily Yomiuri Staff Writer (November
29, 2003): Features: Scene. An 89-year old rooftop gardener grows
plum trees and much more atop his four-story concrete building; long-term
patients in urban hospitals learn about the benefits of rooftop gardens;
and the Tokyo government mandates greening to to tackle the heat island
problem. See NEWS LINKS for all three stories.
"Plant-covered housetops, common in Europe, are a natural addition," by Kent Steinriede
(April 17, 2003). The Delaware Online staff writer talks about homeowners
in Arden, Delaware, who will have a greenroof completed this summer in the Home
& Garden section of The News Journal. Read
the story on NEWS LINKS.
DesMoinesRegister.com, "Grass-roof payback may be slow-growing," by Lee Rood
(November 8, 2002). The journalist examines the energy-saving properties
and economic costs of the proposed Des Moines Public Library Greenroof by
British architect David Chipperfield, in the Local
Read the story under NEWS LINKS -
DesMoinesRegister.com, "'Green Roofs' hailed as money-savers," by Wendy
Weiskircher (November 20, 2002). The
Register Staff Writer addresses the Des Moines Founders Club Green Roof Forum
held at the Meredith Corporation on Tuesday, November 19, 2002 to almost 200
people. People learned that greenroofs are not just aesthetically
appealing and environmentally friendly, but can be sound economic investments in
a community as well. See the complete article online at NEWS LINKS
DesMoinesRegister.com, "Library cuts pricey grass roof," by Jason Clayworth
(March 11, 2003): Local Government.
The Register Staff Writer relates how and why
officials of the Public Library of Des Moines have, at least for the present,
opted not to invest in a greenroof for the new $32.3 million structure.
Budget restraints and misinformation appear to have contributed to the decision,
although the idea may be reconsidered in the future if money allows.
Read the complete story under NEWS LINKS.
detnews.com, "Ford Rouge gets $2 billion face-lift," by R. L. King (November 1,
2000). Read about Ford's planned River Rouge Plant greenroof project on
NEWS LINKS - Archives.
DJC.COM, "'Green' Buildings," by
Elizabeth Daniels (September 15, 2000). Access
the complete online article from The Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce from NEWS
LINKS - Archives.
Wenche E., and James D. Olson, and Richard T. T. Forman. Landscape
Ecology Principles in Landscape Architecture and Land-Use Planning. Washington,
D.C.: Harvard University Graduate School of Design, Island Press and the
American Society of Landscape Architects, 1996. Pp 5,11, 12, 39, 47.
This book provides a common language for the introduction of landscape ecology,
and was used as a textbook for my Fall 1999 Applied Ecology class at UGA.
EDCmag.com, "Making Green Roofs Simple," by
Jared Markham and Todd Walles
(September/ October 2003). The authors describe benefits of greenroofs and
in particular the features and solutions of GreenGrid's modular greenroof
systems. Read about it at NEWS LINKS.
Ellis, E. G. A Trellis for Mr. Ellis, or How I Saved the
World from Global Warming. San Diego: Allcat Press 2002. Here is
a wonderful children's story about an orphaned cat who wishes to green the world
with her new owner. Read the review under Recommended Readings.
English Nature, "Green roofs: their existing status
and potential for conserving biodiversity in urban areas - Report Number 498."
(July 8, 2003). English Nature researched and put together this highly
valuable reference tool about how greenroofs turn previous brownfield sites
green again with biodiversity. Access the 12-page PDF under How To's or
"Chicago hopes rooftop garden cools air," by United Press
International (May 17, 2000). Access the complete Environmental News
Network article from the NEWS LINKS - Archives section of my website.
"Green rooftop technology saves energy, cools air," by Suzanne Elston
(December 31, 2000). Access the complete article from the NEWS LINKS -
section of my website.
"Porous paving, green roofs can ease impact of development on water
supplies," from Associated Press, by Bill Bergstrom
(June 4, 2002). Pennsylvania development and how it relates to stormwater
design concerns are are addressed here. Access the complete article from the NEWS LINKS
section of my website.
enr.com, "Ford's Rouge Plant Charts Automaking for the
21st Century," by Andrew G. Wright with Joann Gonchar (November 11, 2002).
McGraw-Hill Construction's Engineering-News Record reports on Ford's progress of
their on-going plans for refurbishing the aging River Rouge Plant in Dearborn
Michigan. The article states that "The $2-billion job is a template for
sustainable manufacturing," and includes updates on the McDonough & Partners
project and North America's largest greenroof.
ens-news.com, "Citigroup Helps Fund Green Roofs," by
Environment News Service Staff (December 18, 2002). The Environment News
Service (ENS) is an international daily news wire service, and "exists to
present late-breaking environmental news in a fair and balanced manner."
This article reports on how Citigroup Foundation is working with The Earth
Pledge Foundation in New York City to promote greenroofs, pledging $25,000
to support Earth Pledge's Viridian Project, providing greenroofs on low to
moderate income housing. Read the story under NEWS LINKS - Archives.
Environmental Building News, "A Garden Overhead: The
Benefits and Challenges of Green Roofs." (November 2001, Volume 10, Number 11):
1, 10-18. EBN is "The Leading Newsletter on Environmentally Responsible
Design & Construction" and the featured article examines greenroofs. Reach
them at www.BuildingGreen.com.
epa.gov, "Funding for Source Water Protection
Activities," (May 2003). Read about this PDF that explores federal funding
examples for various water protection activities, such as polluted runoff
control, resource protection and restoration, and wastewater as well as contact
information. Access it at NEWS LINKS and under Industry Support.
epa.gov, "Washington D.C. and Water Authority
(WASA) Sewer Overflows Settlement," (June 25, 2003):
Compliance and Enforcement: Civil Enforcement.
Read about it under NEWS LINKS.
Limited, Suffolk, England, April
1999. Numerous product and service
brochures describe the value and effects and technical aspects of their
Natural Carpets Protect Roof and Soil. (November/December 1998): 25-26.
This article in the Stormwater Management section describes how erosion
is reduced by controlling stormwater before it even hits the ground.
Maury, personal communications, January 2000. Maury is with NASA's Global Climate and Hydrology Center at the
Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, and has sent me thermal
photos for my website.
fayettevillenc.com, "Goals to sustain region announced,"
by Nomee Landis, August 28, 2003. The Fayetteville Online Staff
writer talks about the Cumberland region's Fort Bragg and its plans to develop
and promote sustainable design, including greenroofs. Read about it at
Bruce K. Preventing the Problems
of Urban Runoff. Renewable Resources Journal. (Winter 1995-96): 14-17.
This article highlights the need for true understanding of natural
systems so that we may holistically design environments to maintain the health
of the world. Bruce Ferguson, FASLA, is an UGA professor of landscape architecture.
Bruce K. Introduction to
Stormwater: Concept, Purpose,
Design. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1998.
Pp. 5, 8, 13-18, 20. This
book is a detailed primer for landscape architects and site engineers, among
others, interested in stormwater management and its safe and meaningful
integration within urban communities and ecosystems.
Danny C. Taking the Heat. The
Atlanta Journal-Constitution (February 29, 1999): G1.
Garden centers tag plants according to their high-temperature and heat
Forbes.com, "Lean green machine," by Joann Muller
(February 3, 2003): Forbes Global: Companies & Strategies. The author asks
and answers the question, "Should Ford Motor indulge Bill Ford's
environmental agenda? Sometimes it makes sense." The world's largest
living roof is highlighted. Read the article under NEWS LINKS.
"Introductory Manual for Greening Roofs for Public Works and Government Services
Cornelia Hahn Oberlander, CM, FCSLA,
FASLA; Elisabeth Whitelaw, CSLA; and Eva Matsuzaki, MAIBC, FRAIC, hon FAIA
(December 13, 2003, Version 1.1). Commissioned by Public Works and
Government Services Canada in December 2001, the Canadian experts in traditional
roof garden design have complied a comprehensive manual for greenroofs, both
extensive and intensive. Chapters include Potential Advantages and
, Barriers, Design and
Construction, Details, Sample Specifications, Suppliers Investigated, Resources,
and History. Consult the entire 37-page .pdf under NEWS LINKS
Gardeners.com, "Rooftop Gardens Reduce Smog, Improve Water
Quality & More!" by Abbey Duke (March 2002). Read the online story from
the Garden Activist column of the Gardener's Supply Company in NEWS LINKS -
Frank B. A Primer for Environmental Literacy. New Haven and London:
Yale University Press, 1998. This broad-ranging book was used for my
Landscape Ecology class at UGA (1999) and presents key concepts of ecological
Greenroofs.com, "Tuscan Skies Overhead," by
Linda S. Velazquez (October 6, 2003): Exclusives. I interview people from
the Carrabba's organization concerning their commitment to greening all of the
restaurant chain's new rooftops with a Tuscan flair. Read about it at NEWS
Guardian.co.uk, "Campaign for rooftop
gardens," by Martin Wainwright (September 23, 2003): UK News. The Guardian
Unlimited reports on the first UK conference on greenroofs held by Green Roofs
for Healthy Cities UK and Sheffield University. Read the story under NEWS
Nico and Jim Hooker. "The Green Roofs of Europe, February 22, 1994." Jim
Hooker, of the British Flat Roofing Council (UK) and Professor Nico Hendriks of
Eindhoven University (the Netherlands) presented an informative paper with six
case studies to The National Roofing Contractors Association's 107th Annual
Convention & Exhibit.
Wendee. "A Grass-Roofs Effort - Secret Gardens Conserve Energy & Cool
the Air." sierra magazine (May/June 2001): Hearth & Home. Access the complete online article from NEWS LINKS
Holland Sentinel Online, "Library looks at roof garden," by
Regan Foster (October 24, 2003): Local.
Holland Sentinel Online Staff Writer
says the Herrick District Library Board of Directors of Holland, MI, is looking
at ways to make the oldest part of its library look new again, and a greenroof
is among the options. See NEWS LINKS.
"`Green' roof a cool hybrid of ecology, engineering," by Kathy Huber,
Copyright 2003 Houston Chronicle (November 28, 2003):
Local & State. Houston is a city known for its pollution and
suffocating heat, and industry, environmentalists and even a mayoral
candidate are exploring embraced greenroofs as one tool in a larger
strategy to clean up the city's image and its notorious air.
Access the complete online article from NEWS LINKS.
Hussong, Walter and Krebs, Dr., Michael, personal
communications, March, 1999.
Faxes and my personal visit to the Optima North Headquarters in Tornesch,
Germany provided me with numerous photos and on site information concerning the
design and installation of extensive and intensive greenroofs and knowledge of
their ongoing soil, water retention and plant selection test areas.
interlog.com, "Roof Greening." by Monica Kuhn
(February 1996). Ms. Kuhn specializes in roof garden design and explains
the many benefits of greening roofs in an urban environment. Read the
online story from the Canadian architect
in NEWS LINKS - Archives.
Johnson, Lorraine. "Meadows Above."
Landscape Architecture Magazine (August 2003): Plants. The author writes about member-owned Mountain Equipment Co-op, which
pursued their ecological vision of a greenroof on their new facility.
Construction, design benefits, plants, and lessons learned are discussed. Read about it at NEWS LINKS.
KennetPaper.com, "Symposium seeks to educate on harnessing stormwater," by Tony Cadwalader
(November 13, 2003): Community News.
Two local organizations under one umbrella challenge Philadelphia area officials
and citizens about water-related issues. See NEWS LINKS.
Kim, Chang-Ran. "Tokyo
turns to rooftop gardens to beat the heat."
Reuters (July 8, 2002): Planet Ark, World Environment News,
The author interviews Kazuyoshi Kojima, a 52-year-old Tokyo public servant who
is encouraging greenroof development in an effort to lower rising city
temperatures. Kojima was also instrumental in creating the new Tokyo city
law requiring one fifth of a new building to be covered in green if the
footprint exceeds 300 square meters (3, 230 square feet). Read the story
in NEWS LINKS - Archives.
Jon and David Roberts. Iceland: Land
of the Sagas. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1990. Pp. 30-31, 68-69, 134-135.
The land, history and character of the people are examined while the
beautiful color photos illustrate the rugged beauty of Iceland.
en techos de edificios reduce calentamiento de grandes ciudades," by
Ricardo Acevedo Zalaquett (Ciencia y Technologia: November
24, 2002). Written in Spanish, the Chilean journalist addresses the
ever-growing implementation of greenroofs within the U.S. Canada, Japan and now
Great Britain and wonders if the environmental and economic qualities of
greenroofs may help mitigate some of the urban heat island and storm water
problems within Santiago while reducing energy costs (www.tercera.com).
Mike. Step-By-Step Guide to Outdoor Woodworking Projects.
San Francisco: 1995. P. 54.
Decks, patios and outdoor spaces are easily designed.
Tom, ASLA, personal communications, February and April 1999; February 2000.
Tom is a landscape architect and stormwater expert working for the city
of Portland, Oregon, who constructed a greenroof on top of his garage at home.
Our telephone conversations emphasized the opportunities here in the U.S.
to build greenroofs for storm water management, and he provided me with numerous
industry leads and the stormwater runoff and retention monitoring techniques.
Karen Liu, Ph.D. "Going
green - A National Research Council Canada evaluates green roof systems' thermal
Professional Roofing Magazine (September 2002). As
leader of the study, Dr. Liu identifies the objectives of the research
project - the environmental benefits and energy efficiency of rooftop gardens -
and studies the greenroof system's sensitivities to climate variability and
quantifies the benefits of the technology under Canadian climatic conditions.
complete online article from NEWS LINKS
Louis, Errol. "Never Mind
My Valley How Green Is My Roof;
House-Top Gardens Emerge as Goal for Citys Eco-Activists." The New
York Sun (June 3, 2002): Cover. Mr. Louis, Staff Reporter, attended
the Earth Pledge Foundation's greenroof symposium, "Greener By Design," on June
1, 2002 in New York and reports on the wide variety of professional interests
present, as well as the many benefits for a city wide greenroof initiative.
Dr., Jeffrey C., personal communications, May 1999 through May 2001.
Jeff specializes in surface energy budgets and the urban heat island effect at
NASA's Marshall Space Center. He has provided all the color and thermal
imagery and specifics for measuring and analyzing thermal comparisons of
greenroofs vs. conventional non-porous roofs.
Thor. A Showcase of Icelandic National Treasures. Reykjavik: Iceland
Review, 1987. Pp.38, 77, 83.
The three pictures found in the History section were scanned from this
informative and colorful book of historical relics.
+ Partners, personal communications, April, 1999. Kevin Burke, AIA, mailed me copies of a task report prepared by
their office assessing greenroof technology and manufacturers product
McDonough, William. "How We Can Give More Back to the
Environment than We Take." Art Papers Magazine (March/April, 2003):
Feature Articles: Sustainable Design. The online article is an edited transcript of
a lecture that William McDonough gave at the Georgia Institute of Technology in
Fall 2002 and the editors wish to thank Sara Riney of the Atlanta International
Museum of Art and Design for her help in realizing this feature. McDonough
shares his ecological vision and discusses the Ford River Rouge Plant greenroof.
Robert. "Green Roofs Add Aesthetic, Practical Benefits to Building
Rooftops." Western Roofing Magazine (May/June, 1996): 89-92.
Robert McMarlin is manager, product/systems evaluation and testing at Pittsburgh
Corning, makers of FOAMGLASS cellular glass insulation.
metropolis.japantoday.com, "Seeing Green," by
Steve Trautlein (July 11, 2003):
Feature. The editor of the most popular
English-speaking magazine in Tokyo writes an extensive article on greenroofs in
Japan. Access the story at NEWS LINKS.
Metropolitan Home Magazine, "Design 100 - The Best of the
Best: People, Places, Extraordinary Things."
(May/June 2003): 10, 94. The Design 100:
What's Red-Hot Now issue is "an entirely subjective, indubitably
opinionated list of the 100 best objects, people, places and ideas in design,
architecture, food, gardening and allied realms by the editors of
Metropolitan Home." Greenroofs are listed at #24, and Greenroofs.com
Charlie, P. E. Vegetated Roof
Covers: A New Method for Controlling Runoff in Urbanized Areas. publication
in the Proceedings of the 1998 Pennsylvania Stormwater Management
Symposium (October 21-23, 1998): 1-10.
Charlie, P. E., personal communications, February 1999, and March through May 2000. Telephone conversations,
letters, photos, emails, and other materials explain vegetated roof systems and the
services offered by his firm, Roofscapes, Inc.
Darrel. FASLA, UGA professor of landscape architecture. Gave me a
beginning list of potentially successful plants for the Piedmont region, April
1999. UGA Applied Ecology lecture of September 1999.
MSNBC.com, "Survival plan for 'urban heat islands'," by
Francesca Lyman (August 14, 2002): Health: Your Environment. The MSNBC
contributor presents an in depth article on the urban heat island effect and
looks at projects and measures from the cities of Chicago, Sacramento, and
Atlanta. NASA research scientist Dale Quattrochi and City of Chicago
Commissioner of the Environment Marcia Jimenez are interviewed - see NEWS LINKS
"The Greening of Chicago," presented by MSNBC News, by George F. Will (August 4,
2003): Opinion: The Last Word. The Newsweek article says the City Beautiful
movement is flourishing here and highlights Chicago Mayor Richard Daley and his
greening efforts. Read the story under NEWS LINKS.
Muto, Sheila. "New York Aims to Make Roofs 'Green'."
The Wall Street Journal (November 12, 2003). Sheila Muto, Wall Street Journal Staff Reporter
writes how government officials and
environmental groups in New York are making a big push to make Gotham green -
especially Earth Pledge. See NEWS LINKS.
naplesnews.com, "Project testing 'green
roof' as storm water runoff solution," by Chad Gillis, (October 3, 2003).
The Naples Daily News online versions accounts the how the roof of a chemical
shed at Shadow Wood Preserve in San Carlos Park, FL has been covered with about
2,400 square feet of greenroof, with construction help by Roofscapes, Inc.
The roof will be monitored for its stormwater management properties.
Access the story at NEWS LINKS.
nationalgardening.com, "Gardening Gurus: Linda
Velazquez," by Kathy Bond Borie (December, 2002, Vol. 1, issue 10): Better
Gardener News. The author profiles Linda Velazquez, Publisher of
Greenroofs.com and her start into the world of greenroofs. Access the
National Gardening Association's website at
www.nationalgardening.com, and read the story on NEWS LINKS
nationalgeographic.com, "Plant-Covered Roofs Ease Urban
Heat," by Donald Dawson (November 15, 2002): National Geographic News. The
author describes how Toronto has joined the greenroof bandwagon along with the
federal government and Green Roofs for Healthy Cities by announcing a $640,000
partnership program. Tom Liptan, ASLA, of the City of Portland is also
interviewed. Read the article on NEWS LINKS - Archives.
nationalpost.com, "Wal-Mart heeds 'green'
critics - Store in Vancouver may include sod roof," by John Greenwood (Financial
Post: July 7, 2003). Historically, Wal-Mart is known for its "big box"
non-ecological approach to architecture. Vancouver's newest store,
however, is considering a greenroof and has hired a design firm who specializes
in green architecture. Read the story under NEWS LINKS.
"Green Roof Saves City," (December 2000). Access
the complete online article from NEWS LINKS
"Solar House," by Editor John Wilson (ongoing). Access the story
York Times.com, "It's Not Easy Selling a Green Roof, but They're
Trying," by Sam Hooper Samuels (January 16, 2001). Access
the complete online article from NEWS LINKS
new-press.com, "Bonita's rooftops going green
- Gardens a growing trend to hide concrete," by Jill Tyrer, (August 24, 2003):
Real Estate. Jill Tyrer, Special to The News-Press, writes about
greenroofs in the Bonita Spring, FL area. Read about in at NEWSLINKS.
NowToronto.com, "High Hopes: New Rooftop Garden
Report Offering Smog Solutions Puts City on Spot," by Wayne Roberts (News:
October 31, 2002). This article was condensed from the original. The author shares
a personal volunteering effort to construct a meadow like greenroof on a
seniors' home in Ward Island, and talks about how growing private
initiatives are outshining public efforts in the Toronto area. Wayne
Roberts is the Project Coordinator for the Toronto Food Policy Council, 277
Victoria St., Ste. 203, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W2, and can be reached at Tel:
416.338.7937; Fax: 416.392.1107; E-mail:
Read the story under NEWS LINKS - Archives.
nreionline.com, "Developers And Architects
See The Light," by Alexis Petrakis (July 1, 2003). National Real
Estate Investor Online addresses U.S. green real estate development -
barriers and incentives in general and greenroofs are mentioned as well.
Read the story at NEWS LINKS.
nytimes.com, "Aiming to Be the First
Big Amenity," by Motoko Rich (November 13, 2003). The Soltaire is
dubbed "the first green residential high-rise in the country." See NEWS
nytimes.com, "Calhoun Adds a Gym, Labs
and Studios," by Nadine Brozan (November 30, 2003): Real Estate. The
expansion of the Calhoun School was designed by the architecture firm of
Fox & Fowle and includes a greenroof which will serve as a play area for
the younger students and a science laboratory where plant and insect life
can be seen first hand. Read about it under NEWS LINKS.
OnlineAthens, "Growing trend: 'Green
idea taking root" by Lee Shearer (October 3, 2003). The Athens (GA)
Banner-Herald online edition features UGA's Science Library and the Boyd
Graduate Studies Research Center, and how it has been fitted with a test
greenroof spearheaded by UGA graduate student Tim Carter. Read about it at
Planungsunterlage 98/99, Die Dachbegruner!
A 72-page manual in German describes the entire green roofing systems, including
benefits, methods, soils, plants, slopes, construction details and numerous
Planungs-Unterlage, Lasst uns Dacher Professionell Begrunen!
1997. A 54-page greenroof system
planning color catalog with all the necessary information to construct extensive
and intensive greenroofs.
"Increasingly, green overhead," by Joe Fitzgibbon,
(September 15, 2003). The Oregonian talks about ecoroofs, and how local
environmentalists are urging Portlanders to consider greening their roofs.
Anthony Roy, co-founder of Ecoroofs Everywhere is quoted, along with Tom Liptan,
environmental specialist with the City of Portland Bureau of Environmental
the story in NEWS LINKS.
Theodore, FASLA, personal communication, April 1999. He referred
me to Time Saver Standards for Landscape Architecture for construction
details, and advised me of his book,
"Roof Gardens: History, Design and Construction," published by W.W.
Norton & Company, New York, 1999. Read the
review under Recommended Readings.
Michael D. "Green roofs offer environmentally friendly alternative."
Plant Engineering Magazine (August 1, 2003). The author is
the principal of Building Logics, Inc. and provides key concepts and a look at
greenroof development. Read about it at NEWS LINKS.
perspectives.online, "Up on the Roof,"
by Andy Fisher (July 22, 2003). A research project under way in North Carolina
State University's College of Agriculture and Life Sciences has stormwater
specialist Bill Hunt studying greenroofs. Read the story online at NEWS
Pfeffer, Stephanie. "Rooftop Sanctuary - The air up there is
great for your plants...and your peace of mind."
Renew Magazine Online (June 12, 2002): City section. Twice a year,
graduate journalism students from Northwestern University's Medill Magazine
Publishing Project create Renew Magazine, also available online, as part
of their capstone project. Stephanie handles market research and is
Access the complete online article from NEWS LINKS
- Archives, and learn more about the
author under "about us."
philly.com, "How does your rooftop grow?" by Denise Cowie
(March 8, 2002): Living Section. The Philadelphia Inquirer Columnist
discusses the growing greenroof movement in Philadelphia. Read the story
under NEWS LINKS - Archives.
Raver, Anne. "Hoping for a City Full of Farms on Rooftops."
The New York Times (August 4, 2002): Home & Garden. The article
reports on The Earth Pledge Foundation's fertile crops of veggies, herbs and
flowers on their greenroof. Leslie Hoffman, Director, shares her vision on
how other New York roofs could benefit. Read the story under NEWS LINKS -
"Ein Stuck Natur Zuruckgeholt," January 1999. ReNatur product
literature of various greenroof and other ecological services; brochures presented
Reporter online.com, "Temple gets $50,000 for horticulture plan," by Beth Cohen, Staff Writer
(October 6, 2003): News: Top Stories. Philadelphia's The Reporter online
talks about how "a horticulture professor at Temple University Ambler is
researching ways to double the life of an average shingle or blacktop roof,
reduce its maintenance costs and prevent leaking." Read about it at NEWS
to mine eco-friendly China peat to cool roofs."
Reuters Limited (July 15, 2002): i Won Money & Investing, iWon.com.
Reuters reports from Tokyo that Toyota Motor Corporation plans to use the high
water retention and nutritional qualities of peat as a greenroof and roof garden
soil mix ingredient in some of its Japanese projects as well as offering it for
sale to the U.S. and the Middle East.
Roger. The Man Who Wants
Buildings to Love Kids. Time Magazine (February 22, 1999): 62-65.
William McDonough + Partners and their environmental design for The Gap
Headquarters, including greenroofs, are given kudos.
& S Seeds "Seed Selection Guide," 1992. This is a
comprehensive catalog for seeds for reclamation and landscape wildflowers,
grasses, native plants, trees, Shrubs and ground covers. They also sent me
a fax with a list of wildflower species appropriate for Georgia, May 1999.
Ed. "Living Wonder." Landscape Architect & Specifier News
(November 1998): 84. The current responsible Horticulturalist at Zoo
Atlanta writes about how the Conservation Action Resource Center continues to
demonstrate innovative stewardship of the land.
Schepens, Beth. "Gardens Above: Rooftop Gardens cool and
beautify New York." NYC24 (February 21, 2003): Volume III, Issue 2.
The New Media Workshop at the Columbia University School of Journalism produces
NYC24. The author addresses New York City's heat problems and highlights
the Earth Pledge Foundation greenroof and their initiatives. Read the
story under NEWS LINKS.
Katrin, personal communications, February and April, 1999 and April and May
2000. Katrin is an environmental engineer and has designed several
greenroofs, one with a slope of 45%. She has helped me immensely with my
UGA Senior Project in terms of greenroof structure and plant selection.
Katrin. "Green Roofs: Stormwater Management From the Top Down."
Environmental Design & Construction Home (January/February
2001). Access the complete online article from NEWS LINKS
Charles. Scalping of the Land
Makes Atlantans Hot. The
Atlanta Constitution (February 19, 1999):A1
Satellite data show the detrimental effects of rapid clear-cutting
practices affect the temperature in the metro Atlanta area.
smh.com.au, "Just picture the hanging gardens
of...Sydney," by Chris Johnson ( April 28, 2003): Opinion. Chris Johnson
is the NSW Government Architect and author of the new book Greening Sydney,
and gives his opinion on green architecture and greenroofs to The Sydney
Morning Herald. Garden-city idealism has been present in Sydney for
almost a century, but the practice is becoming less sustainable - read about it
online at NEWS LINKS.
Star-Telegram.com, "Living Roofs," by Adrian Higgins of The Washington
Post (September 13, 2003).
The Fort Worth Star Telegram reprints the
August 28, 2003 story about
project by Michael Perry of Building Logics.
Ed Snodgrass of Emory Knoll Farms is also quoted. Read the story under
StatesmanJournal.com, " Ecoroofs sprouting up everywhere in Portland," by
Gillian Flaccus (State News - November 15, 2002). The Associated Press
Writer talks about Portland Oregon's growing commitment to eco or greenroofs
within the cityscape: "using tax
breaks and grants, the city helps pioneer the rooftop gardening movement,
and introduces a new non-profit organization,
Ecoroofs Everywhere. Access
the complete Salem Statesman Journal article from the NEWS LINKS
- Archives section of the
Straight Goods.com, "Rooftop Horticulture Coming to Saskatchewan,"
by Straight Goods Staff (February 3, 2003).
The Staff reporter writes how the Roofscapes
"Exploring Saskatchewan's Potential
for Green Roof Research, Application & Technology," a
colloquium on green roof application, research
and technology, will explore
Saskatchewan's potential for green roof study and applications, thus
contributing to the province's preparation for an environmentally sustainable
future. Dr. Brad Bass of Environment Canada states that
"Saskatchewan has the professional expertise and a reputation to become a world
leader in rooftop horticulture and agriculture." Read the entire story
under NEWS LINKS.
Garland Company, Cleveland, Ohio, June, 1999.
Product literature and numerous greenroof material sections, including
brochures regarding FAMOS and related articles pertaining to greenroofs.
"Green Rooftop Keeps Building Cool, Spirits Warm - Garden Provides Place To
Escape From Pressures of Day," by KMBC Staff (August 28, 2003): News.
KMBC's Donna Pitman reports the roof of CDFM Squared Architecture, off Central
Street in downtown Kansas City, MO, is now a lush garden. Read about it
The London Ecology Unit. Building Green: A Guide
to Using Plants on Roofs, Walls and Pavements. London: Jacklyn Johnston and John Newton, 1993. Pp.
721, 4772, 7988. Including
an introduction by H. R. H. The Prince of Wales, the book describes the numerous
ecological, aesthetic and economic advantages of green development in our urban
Edmund, Wilford C. Grover, and Arnold J. Holberg, and Thomas I. Haigh. Investigation
of Porous Pavements for Urban Runoff Control, 11034 DUY. Washington, D.C.:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1972. Pp. iii, 17, 22, 104-105.
An EPA sponsored study determines the feasibility of utilizing porous
pavements for alleviating combined sewer overflow pollution and reducing design
parameters of storm sewer systems.
Telegraph.co.uk, "Trust us - we're
developers," by Ross Clark (October 18, 2003): Property. The author
asks, "The spectacular and historic Thames-side estate of Cliveden is to have
191 new homes built in its grounds - by its guardian, the National Trust. But
should the Trust be exploiting its assets in this way?" Brendan O'Neill of
ECD Architects has proposed to create greenroofs to attract butterflies.
Read the full story under NEWS LINKS.
thestar.co.za, "A splash of colour
to old garages," by Star staff (October 14, 2003). In Johannesburg, former
offices and garages now house courtyards, internal roads, bridges connecting
various buildings and roof terraces, and newly converted industrial lofts
include roof gardens. Read about it at NEWS LINKS.
ThisIsLondon.co.uk, "Above it all," by
David Spittles, Evening Standard, (October 9, 2003): Homes & property.
Londoners are valuing the potential of roof top terraces and gardens, and
developers are taking notice. Read about it under NEWS LINKS.
ThisIsLondon.co.uk, "Time to get
airborne," by Ali Watkinson, Evening Standard, (October 9, 2003):
Homes & property. Airborne backyards have many benefits for city
dwellers, and developers are enjoying the extra 20% property markup.
Access the story at NEWS LINKS.
J. William. Grass-Roofs Movement. Landscape Architecture Magazine
(May, 1998): 47-51. An article
under the Technology Section, the thriving eco-roof design industry in Germany
and other parts of Europe is described offering many environmental benefits and
asking the question: Is the time ripe to import the concept?
Thompson, J. William. "Land Matters." LAND Online (June
27, 2003) from Landscape Architecture Magazine (July, 2003): 9. LAM
Editor Bill Thompson's monthly editorial, land matters, addresses his
visit and participation in the Greening Rooftops for Sustainable Communities
2003 Green Roof Conference in Chicago in May, 2003. He muses how
greenroofs have come a long way from Tom Liptan's garage, among other things.
Read the story at NEWS LINKS.
J. William. "Meadows Above - The green-roof movement gains a foothold in
North America." Landscape Architecture Magazine (September, 2000):
36-39, 125. LAM Editor "Bill" Thompson follows up his May, 1998
article on the continued interest and promising projects in greenroof
"Heroes for the Planet," by Roger Rosenblatt (February 15,
1999). Architect William McDonough is profiled and honored with Time
Magazine's award for ecological design. Access
the complete online article from NEWS LINKS
USATODAY.com, "'Ecoroof' lures urbanites, planners back to
garden," by Larry Copeland (December 2, 2002). Atlanta is under court
order to improve sewer conditions in the amount of $3 billion, and Environmental
Manager Benjamin Taube explains how the city has been examining greenroofs, and
talks about their City Hall's upcoming 3,000 square foot project.
Snodgrass, Dr. Dave Beattie, and other greenroof proponents are also quoted in
the article. Read about the City of Atlanta greenroof under Proposed
Projects, and access
the complete USA TODAY article from the NEWS LINKS - Archives section of the
der Ryn, Sim and Stuart Cowan. Ecological Design. Washington, D.C.:
Island Press, 1996. Pp. x, 10, 18, 28, 55. This very informative
book was used as part of our Applied Ecology UGA class, Fall 1999. Ecological
design principles can be applied to help build a more efficient, less toxic,
healthier, and more sustainable world.
Alfie. UGA MLA graduate. Spoke on "Landscape Health" for my Applied Landscape Ecology lecture
at UGA of September, 1999.
Christopher G. and Wendy W. "Specifications
& Standards - Establishing an emerging technology."
The Construction Specifier
(August 2003). The authors are principals of SHADE Consulting, and
offer a good overview of current greenroof interest, history, description of
systems and components, terminology, standards and specifications. Read it
online at NEWS LINKS.
Green on Top - A Living Roof System That Cuts Energy Use,"
by Adrian Higgins, Washington Post Staff
Writer (August 28, 2003): Gardens: Page H01.
Michael Perry of Building Logics discusses greenroofs and
Yorktown Square project in Falls Church, Va. Read the story under NEWS LINKS.
"Going Green to Reduce Energy," by Sandra Fleishman (November 11, 2000).
the complete online The Washington Post Company article from NEWS LINKS
washingtonpost.com, "Needy for Green,
Areas Look Skyward - Arundel, Arlington Tout Benefits of Roof Gardens,"
by Matthew Mosk (July 18, 2002): Page B01. The Washington Post Staff
Writer addresses two Washington counties currently looking at greenroofs
to help mitigate pollutants into area water bodies. Read
The Washington Post Company story
in NEWS LINKS - Archives.
Sally with Andy. Gardening with Native Plants of the South. Dallas:
Taylor Publishing Company, 1994. This beautifully color photographed book
offers ecological insight into the many rewards of designing and gardening with
native plants, as well as their complete descriptions and habitats, etc.
Richard. UGA professor of landscape architecture. Landscape Ecology lecture of August 23, 1999.
WNYC 93.9, "Raising the Roof: Trees and Degrees
(Fahrenheit)," June 10, 2002. New York radio host Brian Lehrer
interviewed Leslie Hoffman, Executive Director of The EarthPledge Foundation and
Cathy Ho, Director of Sustainable Architecture and Design Program at EarthPledge
regarding their greenroof initiative for the City of New York. This audio
file lasts approximately 18 minutes.
International, "Landscaped Roofs in Their Most Attractive Form,"
March, 1998. ZinCo GmbH's promotional 50- page color brochure in English is
extremely informative with numerous case studies, details, etc.
This San Francisco website profiles projects in the Bay area. The Gap project
was referenced here originally as /901 and was profiled for its environmental
quality and design factors.
The City of Seattle's Sustainable Design PDF was used as a reference for the
Seattle Justice Center case study under Current Projects.
The U.S. EPA's Yosemite website posted an article (October 8, 2002) that shows
gardens help fight the urban heat island effect while reducing energy costs and
Read the story
under NEWS LINKS - Archives
NASAs daily Space Science News website from the Marshall Space Flight
Center highlighted two articles on Hotlanta and Salt Lake City.
I downloaded their hot and cold image of SLC.
staff wrote the Social Design Notes: Green Roofs article (September 23,
2002). Linda S. Velazquez of Greenroofs.com was interviewed and the
article also includes excerpts from writings by Katrin Scholz-Barth and from
Green Roofs for Healthy Cities.
Cooperativa Agricola Sviluppo Piemonte, in association with Optigrun and
Arboriculture On-line, has a website in Italian discussing natures role in
safeguarding the built environment through the use of greenroofs.
CNN interactives website has an article titled Team probes Atlanta
heat island, posted on March 24, 1999.
The Ecological Factory designed by ECOVER, an ecological product
manufacturer in Belgium, is discussed in detail regarding building to minimize
the burden on the environment and designing with organic architecture.
I downloaded a picture of their 5,000 square meter grass roof.
www.fairfaxcounty.gov. The Northern Virginia Soil and Water
Conservation District publishes a bi-monthly "Conservation Currents"
under the Environment section of the Fairfax County, VA website. The
May/June 2003 issue contains the article "Stormwater Management...on the Roof,"
and it is listed under NEWS LINKS, and talks about a condominium greenroof
designed and installed by Building Logics, Inc.
The Garland Companys website offers a complete description of their
products and services, and has informative green website links.
NASAs Global Hydrology and Climate Center website headquartered in
Huntsville, Alabama, discusses their urban heat island studies of several
rapidly growing U.S. cities, including Atlanta.
I downloaded their ATLAS thermal image of downtown Atlanta.
Tetto Verde s.r.l., the Italian franchise of Zinco, offers the complete
philosophy and product line, as well as many related greenroof garden subjects,
American Hydrotech, Inc.s home page describes its waterproofing and
roofing membranes used for garden roofs and discusses the many environmental and
economic reasons to build a greenroof. They worked on the Gap project, among
Publisher Nima Maleki examines greenroofs as part of urban vitality. Read
the October 2002 article under NEWS LINKS
William McDonough + Partners website offers descriptions of their
services, projects and pictures, and associates.
/grhcc. This is the very informative website for the Green Roofs for
Healthy Cities established under the leadership of Peck & Associates
"to promote the more rapid diffusion of green roof technologies in
ReNaturs website in either English or German describes their many
ecological services, including complete greenroof systems.
The Penn State Online Encyclopedia article by Nancy Marie Brown (May 2001,
Volume 22, Issue 2) describes Dr. David Beattie's first encounters with German
greenroofs and his plans for greenroof research and testing at Penn State.
Read the story under NEWS LINKS - Archives, and the completed project under North
American Case Studies.
Green technology for the urban environment is examined in Roofscapes
Inc.s very informative and interesting website containing useful graphs,
charts, and color pictures.
Zinco's website in German or English discusses greenroof success through an
ecological sense of responsibility. It contains informative pictures and
greenroof system details.
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